WDTPRS 5th Ordinary Sunday: Of soldiers and families, obedience and duty, discipline and inequality

Roman SoldierThis Sunday’s Collect is in the pre-Conciliar Missal for the 5th Sunday after Epiphany.  Same time of year!  I wonder if Fr. Bugnini’s experts may not have run out of glue that day.

Our prayer presents imagery of a family and, on the other hand, a group of dutiful soldiers.

Familiam tuam, quaesumus, Domine,
continua pietate custodi,
ut, quae in sola spe gratiae caelestis innititur,
tua semper protectione muniatur

Custodio, common in military contexts, means “to watch, protect, defend.”  Innitor, also with military overtones, means “to lean or rest upon, to support one’s self by any thing.”  Caesar and Livy describe soldiers leaning on their spears and shields (e.g., “scutis innixi … leaning upon their shields” Caesar, De bello Gallico 2.27).   Munio, is a military term – sensing a theme? – for walling up something up, putting it in a state of defense.

When applied to us humans, pietas, which gives us “piety”, is “dutiful conduct toward the gods, one’s parents, relatives, benefactors, country, etc., sense of duty.”  Pietas is also one of the seven Gifts of the Holy Spirit (cf CCC 733-36; Isaiah 11:2), by which we are duly affectionate and grateful toward our parents, relatives and country, as well as to all men living insofar as they belong to God or are godly, and especially to the saints.  In common parlance, “piety” indicates fulfilling the duties of religion.

However, applied to God, pietas usually indicates His mercy towards us.  That is what pietas is doing here: it describes God’s trustworthy mercy.

Guard Your family, we beseech You, O Lord,
with continual mercy,
so that that (family) which is propping itself up upon the sole hope of heavenly grace
may always be defended by Your protection

watch over your family
and keep us safe in your care,
for all our hope is in you

Keep your family safe, O Lord, with unfailing care,
that, relying solely on the hope of heavenly grace,
they may be defended always by your protection

“Watch over your family, …with continual mercy/religious dutifulness,…” invokes the images soldiers as well as that of a father checking into the bedrooms of his children as they sleep.  He listens through the night for sounds of distress or need.

The Church is not afraid to combine images of family and soldiering, the symbiotic exchange of duty, obedience and protection. Putting the military imagery in relief helps us to hold both sets of images in mind as we hear Father lift our Collect heavenward during Holy Mass.

We Catholics are both a family, children of a common Father, and a Church Militant, a corps (from Latin corpus, “body”).  Many of us when we were confirmed by bishops as “soldiers of Christ” were given a blow on the cheek as a reminder of what suffering we might face as Christians.  Perhaps not the last time some of us have suffered at the hands of bishops.

We ought rather die like soldiers than sin in the manner of those who have no gratitude toward God or sense of duty.  We ought to desire to suffer if necessary for the sake of those in our charge.

Today we beg the protection and provisions Christ our King can give us soldiers while on the march.  We need a proper attitude of obedience toward God, our ultimate superior, and dutifulness toward our shepherds in the Church, our earthly parents, our earthly country, etc.

Our prayer reminds us that we belong to communities in which we have unequal roles.

There is a profound interconnection between the members of a family, but also inequality.

Children are no less members of the family than their parents, but they are not their parents’ equals. Even the young Jesus– the God man – was subject to Mary and Joseph (Luke 2:51).  As Glorious Risen King and Judge, Christ will subject all things to the Father (1 Cor 15:27-28).   We are all members of the Church, but with unequal roles.  As St. Augustine said,

Vobis enim sum episcopus, vobiscum sum Christianus… I am a bishop for you, I am a Christian with you” (s. 340, 1).”

Our times are dominated ever more by relativism and the obtuse madness of secular humanism.  Both the military and the family (and Holy Church?) are being eroded, systematically broken down.  Individual soldiers might be praised but the military is looked at by the intelligentsia with suspicion.  Rights of individuals – even of children against their parents – are validated, while the family as a unit is under severe attack.

Hierarchy and discipline provide the protection needed by marching troops and growing children.

We members of the Militant Church, disciples of Christ, need discipline from our officers/shepherds so we can attain our goal.   We need nourishment and discipline in the sense of instruction (Latin disciplina) and sacraments.

We can always rely on the trustworthy, dutiful mercy of God.  He can never fail us.

Parents and shepherds must fulfill their own roles toward us with pietas, religious and sacred duty!  Their pietas requires sacrifice, being the first to step out in our defense, forming good plans, sounding a clear and certain trumpet to lead us.

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About Fr. John Zuhlsdorf

Fr. Z is the guy who runs this blog. o{]:¬)
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2 Responses to WDTPRS 5th Ordinary Sunday: Of soldiers and families, obedience and duty, discipline and inequality

  1. NoTambourines says:

    “Many of us when we were confirmed by bishops as ‘soldiers of Christ’ were given a blow on the cheek as a reminder of what suffering we might face as Christians.”

    In 1992, I got a handshake.

    There is also, of course, a broader trend against any hint of “militaristic” language in prayers and hymns. Interestingly, that has coincided with the erosion of the belief in the reality of sin, hell, and evil, and therefore, the erosion of awe in the magnitude of God’s mercy and awareness of our great need for it. So, I guess… Onward, Christian Human Resources!

  2. Richard W Comerford says:

    Military Orders:

    Between the fall of Jerusalem in 1099 AD and around 1525 AD the Church approved within the Latin Rite the Rule of approximately 100 military orders wherein the monks took the triple vow of poverty, chasity and obedience in imitation of the Life of Christ In addition there were numerous pious associations of soldiers approved by local bishops.

    Soldiering is kind of natural for Catholics.

    God bless

    Richard W Comerford