WDTPRS: Pentecost Sunday: weaving and imbuing and saving and dyeing

The Fiftieth Day Feast, Hebrew Shavuot or Greek Pentekosté, for the Jews commemorated the descent of God’s Law to Moses on Mount Sinai, wreathed in fire, fifty days after the Exodus.  Fifty days after Our Lord’s Resurrection (the perfect number 7×7 + 1 for the day itself in ancient reckoning), the tenth from His Ascension, the Holy Spirit descended on the Apostles and first disciples to breathe grace-filled life into Christ’s Body, the Church.

This magnificent Sunday (which in the Roman Rite’s Extraordinary Form retains its Octave along with the special Communicantes and Hanc igitur) has in the Ordinary Form a Collect rooted in the ancient Gelasian Sacramentary.

Deus, qui sacramento festivitatis hodiernae universam Ecclesiam tuam in omni gente et natione sanctificas, in totam mundi latitudinem Spiritus Sancti dona defunde, et, quod inter ipsa evangelicae praedicationis exordia operata est divina dignatio, nunc quoque per credentium corda perfunde.

I like that defunde and perfunde.  Spiffy.

Cor is “heart” and corda “hearts”.  Sacramentum translates Greek mysterion.  Sacramentum and Latin mysterium are often interchangeable in liturgical texts.  Defundo means “to pour down, pour out”. Perfundo, is “to pour over, moisten, bedew”, and “to imbue, inspire” as well as “to dye”.

Exordium means “the beginning, the warp of a web”. Exordium invokes cloth weaving and selvage, the cloth’s edge, tightly woven so that the web will not fray, fall apart. Exordium, also a technical term in ancient rhetoric, is the beginning of a prepared speech whereby the orator lays out what he is going to do and induces the listeners to attend.  From Pentecost onward Christ the Incarnate Word, although remote by His Ascension, is the present and perfect Orator delivering His saving message to the world through Holy Church. “He that heareth you, heareth me”, Christ told His Apostles with the Seventy (Luke 10:16).  Much hangs on exordia.

LITERAL VERSION:

O God, who by the sacramental mystery of today’s feast do sanctify Your universal Church in every people and nation, pour down upon the whole breadth of the earth the gifts of the Holy Spirit, and make that which divine favor wrought amidst the very beginnings of the preaching of the Good News to flow now also through believers’ hearts.

OBSOLETE ICEL (1973):

God our Father, let the Spirit you sent on your Church to begin the teaching of the gospel continue to work in the world through the hearts of all who believe.

CURRENT ICEL (2011):

O God, who by the mystery of today’s great feast sanctify your whole Church in every people and nation, pour out, we pray, the gifts of the Holy Spirit across the face of the earth and, with the divine grace that was at work when the Gospel was first proclaimed, fill now once more the hearts of believers.

Unity and continuity are keys to this Collect.

The Holy Spirit pours spiritual life into the Body of Christ.

The Holy Spirit wove the early Church together through the preaching of the Apostles and their successors and, in the Church today, extends their preaching to our own time.

The Holy Spirit guarantees our unity and continuity across every border and century.

The Holy Spirit imbues and infuses, tints and dyes the fabric of the Church as He flows through it.

When the Holy Spirit poured over the Apostles, they poured out of the upper room and began to preach in public speeches to people from every nation.  The Holy Spirit, in the preaching of the Apostles, began on Pentecost’s exordium to weave together the Church’s selvage, that strong stable edge of the fabric, through the centuries and down to our own day.

The bonds of man and God symbolically unraveled in the Tower of Babel event, when languages were divided (Gen 11:5-8).  Ever since the Pentecost exordium’s “reweaving”, though here and there and now and then there may be rips and tatters, Holy Church’s warp and weft hold true.

Let our hearts and prayers be raised for unity. Sursum corda! In our Collect we pray that our corda may be imbued with the Gifts of the Holy Spirit.  Let them be closely woven into, knit into Holy Church and even over-sewn with her patterns, not ours. Let our hearts be bounded about by her saving selvage, dyed in the Spirit’s boundless love.

Let us also pray for the unwitting agents of the Enemy of the soul, hanging onto Holy Church’s edge but in such a way that they tear at and fray the Church’s fabric.  Pardon my homographs, but though they be on the fringe, they endanger necessary threads, precious souls of our brothers and sisters who through their work of unraveling can be lost in the fray.  When we mesh with the Successor of Peter and remain true in the Faith and charity, our holy selvage and our salvation will not be undone.

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About Fr. John Zuhlsdorf

Fr. Z is the guy who runs this blog. o{]:¬)
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13 Responses to WDTPRS: Pentecost Sunday: weaving and imbuing and saving and dyeing

  1. Konstantin says:

    Thank you Father, I feel learned now ;-)

    A blessed Pentecost!

  2. yatzer says:

    “brothers and sisters who through their work of unraveling can be lost in the fray.” I like this image of fraying, since that is an accurate description of what has often happened in my experience. There was not a denial of the Faith, but a general questioning of absolutely everything about it leading to an unraveling over time. I see this particularly in post-secondary education.

  3. Jeannie_C says:

    One of your best posts ever, Fr. Z. Thank you!

  4. Priam1184 says:

    Excellent Father. Thank you.

  5. Allan S. says:

    In the older form of the Mass, of course, we also heard today one of the most horrifying phrases in all of scripture – from the Enemy’s perspective anyway:

    Ps. 67:2 Let God arise, and let his enemies be scattered: and let them that hate him flee from before his face. (Exsurgat Deus, et dissipentur inimici ejus; et fugiant qui oderunt eum a facie ejus.)

    This forms part of one of the prospers (apologies- don’t remember which), and is also in Matins of the Vigil of this feast. Very powerful stuff, I am informed.

    Is this missing from the Ordinary Form? If so, why?

  6. Andrew says:

    Pater Z:

    Nesciebam “ordiri” textrinae esse proprium verbum. “Primordium” ergo, verisimiliter, ex eodem radice quasi “primo orsum” dicitur.

    Distinguendum igitur atque memoriae mandandum est:

    exordior, exordiri
    exorsus a um
    exorsus, us (m)
    ———–
    exorior, exoriri
    exortus, a, um
    exortus, us (m)

  7. PReagan says:

    Thank you, Father!

    I was going to tell you about the homily I heard this morning . . . but this is a day to rejoice and receive the gifts of the Holy Ghost, and it would just bring you down . . .

    On another note – I miss the “Send to Kindle” button – what happened??

  8. Singing Mum says:

    Excellent post. Inspiring!
    This day of Pentecost always excites me. I’ve been ill lately. I asked the Holy Spirit for strength to sing and lead the chants at our two sung masses- EF. And the singers- and our organist- outdid themselves. The proper chants for today for among the finest. I got so lost in the Great Alleluia- it’s musical beauty and beautiful meaning- that one of the cantors had to remind me there was a Sequence…. and just in time.

    We have such an embarrassment of riches in our sacred liturgy! Such truth- such beauty! Have you thanked God for His Church today? Happy Feast, everyone!!

  9. donato2 says:

    “Let us also pray for the unwitting agents of the Enemy of the soul, hanging onto Holy Church’s edge but in such a way that they tear at and fray the Church’s fabric. Pardon my homographs, but though they be on the fringe, they endanger necessary threads, precious souls of our brothers and sisters who through their work of unraveling can be lost in the fray.”

    Yesterday at my parish the deacon used the Pentecost reading as an opportunity to preach in his homily the Gospel of Multiculturalism and Gay Rights. Can anyone beat that?

  10. scholastica says:

    You know you’re truly Catholic when you need an Octave to celebrate!

    I converted in 95, but am really feeling the loss of the Pentecost Octave this year. After all the build up to this great feast, it’s disappointing and anti-climactic to return to green and ordinary time today. At least we have the beautiful readings on Wisdom for contemplation this week.

    You’ll be happy to know I left the selvage in the red altar frontal I made for yesterday (hidden, of course, in the hem). Thanks for the meditation, who knew there was spirituality in selvage?

  11. Venerator Sti Lot says:

    donato2,

    And I thought the sermon I heard was disheartening – about how Pentecost was not just about “our brother the man Jesus of Nazareth and Your Beloved” but about how happy the Apostles were once more after having been feeling guilty that they had not done enough to try to prevent the Crucifixion, when they received “holy spirit” (though so cunningly phrased as to include no explicit heresies, or so it seemed to me).

  12. The Masked Chicken says:

    Thank you, Father. I really appreciate this teaching.

    The Chicken

  13. Pingback: Got Holy Spirit? - Catholic Pentecost - Catholic ExtraOrdinary Form Latin Mass Milk Pentecost - AlwaysCatholic.com