From Erik Richtsteig on Facethingy:
The very definition of cognitive dissonance. (And very creepy as well.)
From Erik Richtsteig on Facethingy:
The very definition of cognitive dissonance. (And very creepy as well.)
I read a NewsMax entry that a pro-life group was denied a spot in the St. Patrick’s Day Parade. HERE
Openly homosexual groups are welcome, but not pro-life groups.
I’m just sayin’
Comment moderation queue is ON.
If the media, mind-clouding, thought-befuddling blitz on the part of catholic and other outlets – Fishwrap, Amerika, RNS, Crux – weren’t bad enough, we have to think about this too.
I sure hope you have BOBs ready.
STORM WARNING (UPDATED): Among space weather forecasters, confidence is building that Earth’s magnetic field will receive a double-blow from a pair of CMEs on Sept. 12th. [Coronal Mass Ejections... which strike your planet's atmosphere] The two storm clouds were propelled in our direction by explosions in the magnetic canopy of sunspot AR2158 on Sept. 9th and 10th, respectively. Strong geomagnetic storms are possible on Sept. 12th and 13th as a result of the consecutive impacts. Sky watchers, even those at mid-latitudes, [Not "high" latitudes.] should be alert for auroras in the nights ahead. Aurora alerts:text, voice
EARTH-DIRECTED X-FLARE AND CME: Sunspot AR2158 erupted on Sept. 10th at 17:46 UT, producing an X1.6-class solar flare. A flash of ultraviolet radiation from the explosion (movie) ionized the upper layers of Earth’s atmosphere, disturbing HF radio communications for more than an hour. More importantly, the explosion hurled a CME directly toward Earth. The Solar and Heliospheric Observatory photographed the expanding cloud:
Updated: Radio emissions from shock waves at the leading edge of the CME indicate that the cloud tore through the sun’s atmosphere at speeds as high as 3,750 km/s. By the time it left the sun’s atmosphere, however, the cloud had decellerated to 1,400 km/s. This makes it a fairly typical CME instead of a “super CME” as the higher speed might suggest.
Even with a downgrade in speed, this CME has the potential to trigger significant geomagnetic activity when it reaches Earth’s magnetic field during the mid-to-late hours of Sept. 12th. NOAA forecasters estimate an almost-80% chance of polar geomagnetic storms on Sept. 12-13.
Are you ready for the lights to go out?
Jesuit-run Amerika Magazine has run more from Card. Kasper in support the divorced and civilly remarried receiving Holy Communion. This is the “tolerate but not accepted” solution, which, through “mercy”, would see these people as a sort of second-class Catholic who, after they are sorry for what they have done, can be tolerated at the Communion rail, even though we don’t accept their adulterous state.
I’m not sure how many times Amerika has served as Card. Kasper’s agent in this, but it’s a few by now. This new piece has the date of 15 September, but, at the bottom, we read that it is base on what they published last May. No kidding. First Pete and now Repeat.
The tune hasn’t changed much. This is part of the “mercy” campaign I predicted would get into full-swing as we got closer to the Synod on the Family in October. And, just you watch, people who uphold the Church’s doctrine and discipline, will be accused of conducting a war on mercy. Those who say we must use the lens “mercy” so as to re-read what the Lord taught and what the Church has always affirmed will be accused of being “ideological”. Just watch.
In any event, let’s glance at a few snips from Card. Kasper’s latest Pre-Synod Repetition. Jumping in media res:
“[T]he church must proclaim the mercy of God; it must concretely provide people with God’s mercy in the form of the sacrament of reconciliation; and it must allow God’s mercy to appear and be realized in its entire life, its concrete structures and even in its laws.“
This is code language. Words like “structure” bring to mind, what? For example, class struggle.
His Eminence then seems to ramble for a bit about the rich North and the poor South. In a nutshell, we of the North (bad and unmerciful) must treat the South (poor and therefore good) with mercy. We are, therefore, supposed to make some changes and be “merciful”. In material terms that means give them money through changing all sorts of structures. However, Kasper gets back at it in the next section. I am sure you can predict it: Just like we of the cold and merciless North must make changes to aid the materially poor of the South, then we of the merciless law-and-doctrine-defending-spiritual “North” (where it’s cold, I guess) must make changes to laws, and I suppose to doctrine, to “structures”, so as to show spiritual mercy to the spiritual “South”, that is, the divorced and remarried.
Simple. Get it?
Thus, the Cardinal:
“The question many ask is: What does this mean for the church itself and its behavior not only toward those who are poor in a material sense but toward people within the church who feel neglected, put aside, marginalized and excommunicated—if not in a strict canonical sense, then in a de facto sense—because they are not allowed to take part in the table of the Lord? Often one asks: What about people who are divorced and remarried?”
So the breakdown of church discipline can in no way appeal for support to Jesus and the New Testament. But because church discipline is in keeping with the meaning of the Gospel, it must also be interpreted and applied according to the sense and spirit of the Gospel. For this reason, Paul makes it clear that the punishment of expulsion is meant to force the sinner to reflect on his or her conduct and to repent. If the sinner regrets his or her actions and repents, the community should let gentleness again prevail (2 Cor 2:5-11). Punishment is the last resort and, as such, is temporally limited. It is the drastic and final means used by mercy.
Here is the problem with this.
In order to receive Holy Communion, we must be properly disposed. If, after divorcing and not obtaining a declaration of nullity (thus, you are still considered married), you have entered into a civil marriage, you have committed a mortal sin. You are living in the state of sin if you are having relations reserved to marriage. The word “adultery” is not reserved only to what the guy who cheats on his wife. That’s what people tend to picture when they hear the word “adultery”. When Christians hear “adultery”, they think of the way the adulteress was almost stoned by those legalist meanies whom Jesus put to shame with His mercy. But “adultery” includes more than sneaking around. Keep that firmly in mind. Jesus told the adulteress to amend her life (πορεύου καὶ μηκέτι ἁμάρτανε). The civil marriage (after divorce without decree of nullity) is also an “adulterous” relationship, even though there is no sneaking around, even though it looks very respectable, and even if the couple is working really hard at it. Bottom line: if you – anyone – are not willing to change your situation, if you – anyone – are not willing to “amend your life”, you remain not disposed to receive Communion. The sin could be X or Y, but the consequence is the same: you aren’t properly disposed to receive Communion.
The inability to receive Communion is a consequence of not being in the state of grace. It is NOT a punishment.
That’s the key, but let’s see just a bit more from the Cardinal (as if we haven’t see it before):
Such an understanding of church discipline as the bitter but necessary medicine of mercy conforms to a tradition that understood Jesus Christ, in light of his miraculous healings, as doctor, healer and savior; a tradition in which the pastor, in particular the confessor, is understood not only as a judge, but primarily as a doctor of the soul. This therapeutic understanding of church law and discipline leads us to the fundamental issue of how to interpret and explain church law. That is a broad field that we cannot treat here in a comprehensive way, but only from the perspective of the relation of church law to mercy. [Jesus told the adulterous woman, to "sin no more". Jesus did not approve of the woman at the well having ... how many husbands was it?]
Law and Spirit
So, canon law is not against the Gospel, but the Gospel is against a legalistic understanding of canon law. Canon law should be interpreted and applied in the light of mercy because mercy opens our eyes to the concrete situation of the other. Mercy shows that the individual is not only a case that can subsumed under a general rule. On the contrary, it is essential for Christian anthropology that before God we are not a “plural”; every person and every situation is singular. So we have to find solutions that are just and equitable at the same time. If we do not, then—as the Romans put it—summa ius [ummm... ius is neuter, not feminine. summum ius, right? lex is feminine and ius (jus) is neuter. But I suppose, in mercy, we can just make ius be feminine. I'll tolerate that in this article, though I won't accept it.] (highest justice) can become summa iniuria (highest injustice).
He goes on to talk about, again, oikonomia. YES, he does it again. He has not yet received the memo: oikonomia is not a solution. As a propaedeutic for how oikonomia does NOT work to solve this situation click HERE.
This is more of the same thing we have heard and read from the Cardinal for the umpteenth time. And Amerika, once again, has a new editorial in support of this. Déjà vu.
I suspect that the Cardinal and the editors of Amerika, just as their former editor, Thomas Reese, SJ (now with the Fishwrap – he had a meltdown about this yesterday), have seen the list of the participants in the October Synod of Bishops and they know that they have lost. Their notions can’t garner the 2/3 vote that would be needed to make such proposals to Pope Francis.
If two Catholics marry, have children, divorce, and then successfully obtain a decree of nullity, are the children then considered illegitimate in the eyes of the Church?
This is a concern regarding an acquaintance of mine who I am trying to encourage to come back to the Church.
I am glad this question came up. It is good to clarify this once and for all.
Even in the modern age there are cases in which a child is conceived before marriage and the parents then hastily marry to make sure the child is “legitimate”. Years later, after a divorce and a nullity case has been presented, one parent strenuously objects to the decree: ”Annulment? The Church is making my child into a bastard!”
That isn’t, of course, the case, and that must be explained.
And one must, at all costs, resist asking in return: “Where was your concern about ‘legitimacy’ in the back of your VW Minibus with your girlfriend?”
Here’s the deal.
Both the outdated 1917 Code of Canon Law (and the old Catholic Encyclopedia at New Advent) use similar language as in can. 1137 of the current, 1983 Code. Can. 1114 of the 1917 Code states,
“Those children are legitimate who are conceived or born of a valid or putative marriage…”
Even though a marriage could later be declared null, at the time of conception the marriage was putatively valid.
Children born in these circumstances have legitimate status, which cannot be taken away from them.
The current, 1983 Code places no restrictions on children born to unmarried parents. I am sure that the Eastern Code is the same, though I don’t have the references to hand.
A larger question is, why is “legitimacy” a concern? Are children who are born to unmarried parents somehow less important, less worthy?
The former restrictions that were in place were, for the most part, concessions to secular society which may have been otherwise scandalized. I suspect that they also had to do with names and inheritance, etc.
Would we be in a better place today if society were we still scandalized by pre- and extramarital sexual activity? Such is the new norm. Not only. All manner of perverse activities are the new norm and, if you don’t agree to call them normal and even good, then you are hissed down and marginalized.
But I digress.
Our moral rejection of such pre-marital and extra-marital should not descend upon the innocent children born of parents who sin.
Now, before someone jumps in to say “But Father! But Father! Therefore, by your reasoning, we should never punish babies of less-than-sanctioned unions by not baptizing them! And… and… you hate Vatican II! ”
That, however, is a different question and it won’t be a matter of discussion here. This was about legitimacy.
The moderation queue is ON.
Pope Francis has put the Feasts of Sts. John XXIII and John Paul II on the Universal Calendar. Mutatis mutandis, I think it should be possible to adapt the texts for the Extraordinary Form which the wizards of the Holy See blithely forgot in issuing their decree. Keeping in mind, as one commentator remarks (below) that, for John XXIII 11 October in the 1962 calendar is the 2nd class Feast of the Maternity of the Blessed Virgin Mary, which takes precedence.
For the Ordinary Form, however, consult this at the site of L’Osservatore Romano. My translation:
Decree of the Congregation for Divine Worship and Discipline of the Sacraments
Given the numerous requests from every part of the world, Pope Francis has instructed that celebrations of the liturgical feasts of Saints Pope John XXIII and Pope John Paul II be written into the General Roman Calendar, for the first [John XXIII] the 11th [of October], the second [John Paul II], the 22nd of October, with the rank of facultative [optional] memorial. We publish in Latin and Italian the decree from the Congregation for Divine Worship and Discipline of the Sacraments that governs the cult reserved to the two saints, and the liturgical texts for the Mass in honor of Pope Rocalli, attached to this decree. The texts for Pope Wojtyla were published in L’Osservatore Romano of 11-12 April 2011.
Of course they didn’t attach the liturgical texts for John XXIII to the decree on that page, did they. Typical of the Holy See’s press operations. Sometimes I think they couldn’t find their own noses in the dark.
You can get the texts for Mass and the Office for St. John XXIII from L’Osservatore Romano HERE. And click the graphic on the right for a screenshot of the page. I don’t have the patience to cut and paste today.
The texts for John Paul II
De Communi pastorum: pro papa.
Deus, dives in misericórdia,
qui beátum Ioánnem Paulum, papam,
univérsae Ecclésiae tuae praeésse voluísti,
praesta, quaésumus, ut, eius institútis edócti,
corda nostra salutíferae grátiae Christi,
uníus redemptóris hóminis, fidénter aperiámus.
De Communi pastorum [pro papa].
|Lectio I||Is 52, 7-10: «Videbunt omnes fines terrae salutare Dei nostri».
Quam pulchri super montes pedes annuntiántis …
|Ps. resp.||Ps 96 (95), 1-2a. 2b-3. 7-8a. 10.
R/. (3): Annuntiáte in ómnibus pópulis mirabília Dómini.
|Alleluia||Io 10, 14: Ego sum pastor bonus, dicit Dóminus,
et cognósco oves meas et cognóscunt me meae.
|Evang.||Io 21, 15-17: «Pasce agnos meos, pasce oves meas».
Cum [manifestásset se Iesus discípulis suis et] prandísset cum eis, dicit Simóni Petro …
Common of Pastors: For a Pope.
O God, who are rich in mercy
and who willed that the blessed John Paul the Second
should preside as Pope over your universal Church,
grant, we pray, that instructed by his teaching,
we may open our hearts to the saving grace of Christ,
the sole Redeemer of mankind.
Who lives and reigns.
From a reader…
After a deeper conversion experience I had a love for my first wife that I did not have before. It seemed that after my conversion the love of Jesus was flowing through me for her. I was “loving her with love with which He loved me”. She did not like my changes and left me with two children. I was young. I divorced (felt tremendous guilt), and in good faith (at the time) filed papers on annulment. Was granted on the psychological grounds piece (I have, for most of the time in my second marriage, thought the annulment was invalid, but it is a fact, and was not appealed to the Rota) and I have been remarried for decades. Adult child. Wife and child are good Catholics. I wake up with guilt feelings every morning for decades about being married to current spouse, particularly after marital relations. [...]
The Church does not hold, and has never held, that the pronouncements of a marriage tribunal are invested with infallibility. Tribunals can – and do – make mistakes.
Sometimes faulty information is given to the Tribunal. Sometimes people intentionally lie. Sometimes Judges come to certitude on a marriage with too much haste. Sometimes Judges vacillate for a long period of time and cloud their own minds before rendering a judgment.
It is not an exact science.
Overall, despite complaints from some quarters of too much laxity, and from other quarters of too much legalism, the Church’s Courts do a yeoman’s job of adjudicating cases.
It is impossible here, based on this short email, to do the job that the Church’s Tribunal system, which has developed over many centuries, is entrusted to do and determine the validity of your marriage.
The Church teaches that a marriage celebrated in the external forum is presumed to be a valid marriage unless and until it has been judged otherwise (can. 1060). Your current marriage, which has perdured for 30 years, is presumed by the Church to be a valid marriage, despite your doubts and misgivings.
Was the declaration of the invalidity of your first marriage itself invalid? Perhaps. Are your doubts rooted in lies you may have told to the Tribunal, or some misperceptions you allowed the Tribunal to have? Are your doubts reasonable, or are they a demonstration of scrupulosity, or even a judgmental attitude towards the Tribunal or the Church itself?
You should probably talk with your pastor about your “thoughts” on the invalidity of that declaration of nullity.
At this point in time, however, two main things need to be stated, based on what you have presented.
First, your first marriage was legitimately declared null by the Church’s own juridical system. No appeal against that decision has been filed by you, by your first putative spouse, or by the Defender of the Bond.
Next, your current marriage has been blessed by a longevity that many would rightly envy, and has produced a son. Your wife and son are practicing their Catholic faith. While not definitive, those are good signs of a healthy marriage blessed with graces.
Seek the advice of a good confessor who, if your perception of guilt is rooted in scrupulosity, should be strictly obeyed.
Combox moderation is ON.
However, as I type I am listening to the new CD from the Choir of Westminster Cathedral of William Byrd’s Three Masses and Ave Verum Corpus. What a pleasure. (UK link HERE)
This was a gift from my amazon wishlist from DH! Thanks!
To give you a mere taste of what I am hearing, here is a video from when Pope Benedict said Mass at Westminster Cathedral during his monumentally important State Visit to Scotland and England.
This is the Agnus Dei from the Mass for 5 voices.