WDTPRS – 4th Sunday of Advent (O.F.): Seeing really is believing

The 4th Sunday’s Collect in the Novus Ordo is also the Post Communion for the Feast of the Annunciation (25 March) in the Extraordinary Form of the Roman Rite (1962MR).

The Annunciation was the moment of the Incarnation of our Lord.

Therefore, on that feast and on Christmas, during the Creed of Holy Mass according to the Ordinary Form, we bend our knees instead of merely bowing at the words “Et incarnatus est…”.

Alas! Only on those two days do we kneel during the Creed with the Ordinary Form!   In the Extraordinary Form we always kneel during the Creed at that profound moment.  Such gestures serve to build and reinforce our Catholic Christian identity.  But I digress.

If you recite the Angelus (which has an indulgence), you know today’s Collect.  It was already in the 8th century Gelasian Sacramentary.

Gratiam tuam, quaesumus Domine, mentibus nostris infunde, ut qui, Angelo nuntiante, Christi Filii tui incarnationem cognovimus, per passionem eius et crucem ad resurrectionis gloriam perducamur.

The last lines have wonderful alliteration and a snappy final cadence (glóriam perducámur).  Collects are often little treasure boxes.

Cognosco is, generally, “to become thoroughly acquainted with (by the senses or mentally), to learn by inquiring…”, but in the perfect tenses (cognovimus) it is “to know” in all periods of Latin.  Infundo basically is “to pour in, upon, or into” but in the construction (which we see today) infundere alicui aliquid) it is “to pour out for, to administer to, present to, lay before”.  It can mean, “communicate, impart”.  Perduco, “to lead or bring through”, is “guide a person or thing to a certain goal”.  It can also mean “to drink off, quaff”, a nice counterpoint to infundo.


We beg You, O Lord, pour Your grace into our minds and hearts, so that we who came to know the incarnation of Christ Your Son in the moment the Angel was heralding the news, may be guided through His Passion and Cross to the glory of the resurrection.

That angelo nuntiante is an ablative absolute. By its “present” tense it is contemporary with the time of the past tense in cognovimus.  Thus, in the very moment the Angel was heralding the good news, we (collectively in the shepherds) knew about how God the Son, who had taken our whole human nature into an indestructible bond with His divinity, was being born into this world.  The shepherds then rushed to the Coming of the Lord to see the Word made flesh lying in His wooden manger, which foreshadowed His wooden Cross.


Lord, fill our hearts with your love, and as you revealed to us by an angel the coming of your Son as man, so lead us through his suffering and death to the glory of his resurrection.


Pour forth, we beseech you, O Lord, your grace into our hearts, that we, to whom the Incarnation of Christ your Son was made known by the message of an Angel, may by his Passion and Cross be brought to the glory of his Resurrection.

“Seeing is believing”, they say, but believing makes us want to see.  “Crede ut intellegas!  Believe that you may understand!” is a common theme for St. Augustine of Hippo (+430 – e.g., s. 43,4.7; 118,1; Io. eu. tr. 29,6).

Today many people pit faith against reason, authority against intellect, as if they were mutually exclusive.

Faith and authority are indispensible for a fuller rational, intellectual apprehension of anything.  In all the deeper questions of human existence, we need the illumination that comes from grace and revelation. We must receive and believe.  Faith is the foundation of our hope, which leads to love and communion with God, as Augustine would say (trin. 8,6).

When we hear about something or learn a new thing we often rush to know more, to have personal experience, to see.  This is a paradigm for our life of faith.

There is an interlocking cycle of hearing a proclamation (such as the Gospel at Mass, a homily, or a teaching of the Church) or observing the living testimony of a holy person’s life (such as soon-to-be St. Theresa of Calcutta). Because of an experience of reception, and subsequent pondering, we come to love the content of that which we received.

The content of the prayers Holy Church gives us is the Man God Jesus Christ.

By hearing and pondering and using well these prayers, we come all the better to know Christ and to love Him. In loving Him we desire all the more to know Him.

Acceptance of the authority of the content of our orations at Mass opens previously unknown treasuries which would otherwise be locked.  This is why our translations are so important.

Remember! Our prayers at Mass were composed in Latin.  Some of them are ancient indeed.  They are, indeed, like treasure boxes which, with the right keys, we can open to find irreplaceable riches.

Annunciation Weninger 03Our Blessed Mother, so closely associated with today’s Collect, first received the message of the Angel.

She accepted and believed the message, and made it her own.

She pondered it in her heart.

She pronounced her Magnificat.

She brought our Savior into the light of the world.

The angel heralded with authority once again.

The shepherds accepted and believed.

They rushed to Bethlehem and pondered.

the-angels-song-and-the-shepherds-visitThey saw the Infant.

They understood the message of the Word made flesh.

They knelt.

They worshiped.

This is the cycle of our experience of the reception of the content of our Faith in worship.

About Fr. John Zuhlsdorf

Fr. Z is the guy who runs this blog. o{]:¬)
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One Comment

  1. TDPelletier says:

    Funny : I always thought the Angel the prayer mentioned was saint Gabriel.

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