Andrea Tornielli has reported that the positio for Servant of God John Paul II is ready. Here is my translation:
The cause for beatification and canonization of John Paul II is proceeding smoothly. The work on the Positio, the redaction of the volumes including the documented biography of the Servant of God and the testimonies, was completed, as Il Giornale confirmed through reliable Vatican sources.
This is another step towards beatification. Now the Positio must be examined by the theologians of the Congregation for the Causes of Saints. Over a period of some months – some foresee not less than 8-9 – there may come a decree on his "heroic virtue", a fundamental stage of a cause.
At first a cause begins because an Actor requests that a cause, a like a juridical case trial, be opened to examine the question. Then proofs are gathered, in the form of documents and testimonies, if there can be oral interviews. Everything is assembled in the proper juridical order and the diocesan stage of the case is closed. All the documents are sent to Rome and the Roman phases begins.
First, the Congregation examines the documents to see that everything was handled with the correct procedure. If it was, they move to the next stages. A Postulator has to make sure that the right selection of documents is made to demonstrate the heroic virtue of the person, or that he was a martyr, or that there was a miracle. This selection of proofs is called the positio, whereby the case in question is "posited".
In the case of heroic virtue, the usual route for a blessed, unless it is a case of martyrdom, theologians must examine the proofs to determine if there is indeed heroic virtue. Also, another groups is studying the documents and verifying that everything possible was collected and there was no problem on that score. If everything works out, then the positio is placed before the members of the Congregation by the ponens, a member of the Congregation, Cardinal or Bishop. If they issue a decree on the heroic virtue, that decree goes to the Pope in a secret consistory, and does with it what he wishes.
That is an abbreviated description of what is going on.