WDTPRS Holy “Maundy” Thursday in the Triduum

The term “Maunday” or “Maundy” Thursday refers to Christ’s mandate (mandatum) in John 13:34 to His apostles in the service of the Church. It is also called sometimes “Shere” Thursday, perhaps from “shere” indicating “tolerance” and “remedy”, in the sense of “wiggle room”. This “shere” was, according to the OED the difference or error permissible in a measure of something, such as the deviation from the standard in minting a coin.

COLLECT
(2002MR):
Sacratissimam, Deus, frequentantibus Cenam,
in qua Unigenitus tuus, morti se traditurus,
novum in saecula sacrificium
dilectionisque suae convivium Ecclesiae commendavit,
da nobis, quaesumus, ut ex tanto mysterio
plenitudinem caritatis hauriamus et vitae.

This prayer is a new composition for the Novus Ordo.

It might have a thin tendril reaching back into the ancient Veronese Sacramentary #96: Uere dignum: qui se ipsum tibi pro nobis offerens immolandum idem sacerdos et sacer agnus exhibuit.

In our Lewis & Short Dictionary we find that frequento is “to visit or resort to frequently, to frequent; to do or make use of frequently, to repeat” and thence more suitably for our purposes, “to celebrate or keep in great numbers, especially a festival”. Haurio is “to tear up, pluck out, draw out, to take to one’s self, take; to swallow, devour, consume, exhaust”.

Agony in the GardenCommendo is “to commit to one for preservation, protection, etc., to entrust to one’s charge, commit to one’s care, commend to” and “implying a physical delivery, to deposit with, entrust to; constructed with aliquem or aliquid alicui, or absolutely”. Moreover, it is “to commend or recommend, i. e. to procure favor for, to make agreeable, to set off with advantage, to grace”. I was also intrigued by the possibilities in this definition: “Especially, of the dying, to commend children, parents, etc., to the care of others”. You all know about the final commendation of a dying person.

As you work on your own to put this into English, Deus is the subject of the main verb da, and those to whom it is to be granted are found in frequentantibus. Frequentantibus has as its object the Cenam. The whole phrase in qua… commendavit is embedded within that structure.

This prayer, it seems to me, is seriously overworked.  It is so self-consciously elegant that it is a challenge to sort out at a single hearing. It becomes a tangled mass, just as when you are trying to twist up a forkful of spaghetti.   If you twisting the fork with too many strands at the beginning, after a couple twists you have too much going on and the whole plate starts to move.

LITERAL TRANSLATION
O God, we beg, grant to us attending the most holy Supper
in which Your Only-begotten, about to hand Himself over to death,
commended to Church a new sacrifice unto the ages
and a banquet of His love,

that we may from so great a mystery
drink deeply the fullness of charity and life.

The word haurio gives us the image of Christ’s bitter struggle on Thursday in the garden when faced with the chalice from which He would need to drink.

His bitter draught was our drink of new life. This was the consequence of Christ’s sacrificial love, His perfect charity.

LAME-DUCK ICEL:
God our Father,
We are gathered here to share in the supper
which your only Son left to his Church to reveal his love.
He gave it to us when he was about to die
and commanded us to celebrate it as the new and eternal sacrifice.
We pray that in this Eucharist
we may find the fullness of love and life
.

Not hideous.

NEW CORRECTED ICEL VERSION:
O God, who have called us to participate
in this most sacred Supper,
in which your Only Begotten Son,
when about to hand himself over to death,
entrusted to the Church a sacrifice new for all eternity,
the banquet of his love,
grant, we pray,
that we may draw from so great a mystery,
the fullness of charity and of life
.

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About Fr. John Zuhlsdorf

Fr. Z is the guy who runs this blog. o{]:¬)
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5 Responses to WDTPRS Holy “Maundy” Thursday in the Triduum

  1. FrCharles says:

    It’s too bad that convivium doesn’t have enough currency in English to leave untranslated.

  2. Henry Edwards says:

    Some of the dissenters continue to claim insistently that the new corrected ICEL translation is painfully clumsy and clunky throughout. But this corrected translation actually seems less clunky than the original Latin, if not as smooth as Father Z’s translation.

    Incidentally, here as in other lame-duck ICEL translations, I wonder what in the original Latin gave the ubiquitous “this Eucharist”. Of course, the word “Eucharistic” itself is venerable and profoundly traditional, but in this kind of context the usage tends to remind me (perhaps wrongly) of the view that the central part of the Mass is holy communion seen as common meal (convivium = banquet = meal = eucharist?).

  3. FranzJosf says:

    Spy Wednesday
    Maundy Thursday
    Good Friday

    I was told, years ago, that Monday and Tuesday have names as well, but I can’t remember them, nor do I know where to find them. Does anyone know?

  4. Tim says:

    I wonder why Maundy Thursday (and Good Friday for that matter) is not a holyday of obligation. Seems strange as they are so important in the liturgical cycle. (Not that I would willingly miss Mass tonight in any case).

  5. The Cobbler says:

    Good Friday cannot be a Holy Day of Obligation because you may not have Mass on it, I thought. And if Good Friday isn’t a Holy Day of Obligation, can Holy/Maundy Thursday, its prelude, be? I ask honestly; it took me a lot of paying attention to notice that Ash Wednesday isn’t a HDoO, for Pete’s sake, and then sometimes people list Easter as one even though it’s also Sunday, which is sort of the weekly HDoO.