In addition to today being Bilbo’s and Frodo’s Birthday, my Roman Curia calendar indicates that the Autumnal Equinox occurred at 14:20 GMT. Here at the Cupboard Under The Stairs, the Equinox took place at 9:21 AM CDT.
The word equinox was formed by two Latin words, for “equal” and nox, “night”. On both the fall and spring, or autumnal and vernal equinox, daylight and darkness are nearly equal in length.
And so in the Northern Hemisphere, we begin the time of year where days are shorter than our nights, to continue until the Winter Solstice.
Also on this day the naval Battle of Salamis was fought in 480 BC. That was one of the tipping points of history, for the Greeks under Themistocles defeated the Persians under Xerxes. He deceived the Persians to sail into a narrow strait where their larger numbers would not be an advantage. Had the Persians won, the West would … well… not have been the West it was. In Persians, Aeschylus the Persians heard the Greeks singing a paean or battle hymn as they approached the strait:
ὦ παῖδες Ἑλλήνων ἴτε
ἐλευθεροῦτε πατρίδ᾽, ἐλευθεροῦτε δὲ
παῖδας, γυναῖκας, θεῶν τέ πατρῴων ἕδη,
θήκας τε προγόνων: νῦν ὑπὲρ πάντων ἀγών.
O sons of the Greeks, go,
Liberate your country, liberate
Your children, your women, the seats of your fathers’ gods,
And the tombs of your forebears: now is the struggle for all things.
What shall US troops one day sing when the war of our time is joined, I wonder.
And since North Carolina seems to be at war with itself right now, the Tuscorora War began in 1711. The great scientist Michael Faraday was born on this day in 1791 and Pres. Lincoln released the text of the Emancipation Proclamation in 1862.