Wonderful wonderful photo

Matthew 19:14

At Stately Blaska Manor I saw this wonderful photo:

If this doesn’t move a cold heart or two, then I don’t know what will.

Matthew 18:3

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It pays to be attentive, especially when you are really tired!

Last night we concluded the Triduum with a Vigil that went well after midnight.  And I had the 7:30 AM Mass.

It is a really good idea to be careful and to pay attention when you are involved with routine matters, even when you are very tired and moving on autopilot.

Let’s say…. especially when you are very tired.

Posted in Lighter fare | 15 Comments

Your Easter Sunday Sermon Notes

Was there a GOOD point or two in the sermon you heard at your Easter Sunday Mass?

Let us know what it was.

For my part, I included some liturgical catechesis about the iubilus of Gregorian chant and the Alleluia and also about the Octave.   Then I spoke about what we are going to be like after the resurrection.  Our bodies will be much like Christ’s glorious rise Body.  We shall enjoy the characteristics of

  • brightness
  • impassibility (I’m really looking forward to that)
  • agility
  • subtlety

Happy Easter!

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VIDEO: Fr. Murray on bombings, Easter and our Catholic identity

My buddy Fr. Gerald Murray – probably now the best priest commentator showing up on any TV channel or network – was on FNC this morning.  He commented on the bombings in Sri Lanka targeting churches and about the meaning of Easter and … this is great… our Catholic identity!

Posted in Our Catholic Identity, The Coming Storm, The future and our choices | Tagged | 5 Comments

PASCHALCAzT 47 – Easter Sunday: Leave the shrouds in the tomb

It’s Easter Sunday. Christ is risen! Alleluia!

Today we hear from Fulton Sheen something that might disturb us, even on this beautiful day. Then, from the 7th century, a rush of joy.

In honor of Notre-Dame de Paris, something from a disc of music from the Maitrise de Notre-Dame recorded on the disc Les Grandes heures liturgiques à Notre-Dame de Paris.  US HERE – UK HERE

I provide these especially in gratitude to benefactors who help me and this blog.



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ACTION ITEM: Help for a traditional Catholic seminarian continues! – UPDATED… for EASTER!

UPDATE 6 April:

Please do NOT… NOT… send me money to send to him.

___ Originally Published on: Apr 5, 2019 

The other day, under another post, I suggested some help for a seminarian in the ICK who has a seminary bill for $20K.  Yes, 2 with 4 zeros.

Did you know that priests used to have to pay for their own seminary training?  I had to.  I worked through seminary and paid it off along the way with very little help from the diocese… except for the permission to work, that is.

Anyway, if we want priests, we had better step up.  BONUS: Funny story about this below.

Click HERE 

Tell him Fr. Z sent you.

So, a seminarian of the ICK in their seminary in Italy is underwater to the tune of 20K.  He started a GoFundMe campaign, but set it only for $5000.  I asked help for him and you came through.  Then I got this note from him…

I knew it from the very beginning of this campaign and only a “Fr-Z effect” could do anything for my fundraising campaign and good Saint Joseph brought you to me… Thank you Father. I owe this to you. …

Then he described how he was without internet connection for a couple days before he resent his campaign goal to what he truly needs rather than what he, less than optimistically originally set.

Do you suppose we can get this guy to $20K?

His bill…

I know we can.  Tens of thousands read here.  We can do it.

Click HERE 

Tell him Fr. Z sent you.

As of today.

Brick by brick, folks.

And speaking of bricks, here is the funny story I promised about a priest paying back his seminary bill.

After ordination a priest friend of mine started to receive monthly bills for seminary.  The problem is that the seminary training was so horrid that he didn’t want to pay for it.  They had contracted for a Catholic seminary training and he didn’t get it.  Resentment doesn’t begin to describe having to pay for that evil crap.  As it turns out, the seminary sent bills with a postage guaranteed labelled envelope.  So, he started to send in payments with the enveloped taped to a brick or a concrete block.   It cost the seminary so much that they eventually begged him to stop.

That said, I still need a donation of $3000 for our new Tenebrae hearse.  Thanks MB!


A photo of the check he wrote to the ICK… yes, the money is going to its proper destination.

UPDATE 6 April:

UPDATE 9 April:

Half way point.   He wrote to me:

The fundraising should reach $10,000 soon but I believe that’s the best we can do for now. I’ll wait a while for Providence to replenish the financial resources of your flock before I revive campaign (like Eliseus and the vessels of oil “And when the vessels were full, she said to her son: Bring me yet a vessel. And he answered: I have no more. And the oil stood”).

Silly boy.  Perhaps we should teach him that you can’t give up too quickly.

There are more of you out there.


Okay… here we are. How about this…? While you are all on your resurrection and sugar highs, will you give this seminarian a few bucks so he can hit his goal? Also,… let’s get him off this blog, okay? o{];¬)  Put him out of his and my misery?   How about by the end of Easter Sunday?


Posted in ACTION ITEM!, Priests and Priesthood, Seminarians and Seminaries | Tagged | 8 Comments

Benedict XVI on the Paschal Candle

From Benedict XVI’s Vigil Mass sermon in 2012… the last he celebrated in St. Peter’s:

Dear friends, as I conclude, I would like to add one more thought about light and illumination. On Easter night, the night of the new creation, the Church presents the mystery of light using a unique and very humble symbol: the Paschal candle. This is a light that lives from sacrifice. The candle shines inasmuch as it is burnt up.  It gives light, inasmuch as it gives itself. Thus the Church presents most beautifully the paschal mystery of Christ, who gives himself and so bestows the great light. Secondly, we should remember that the light of the candle is a fire. Fire is the power that shapes the world, the force of transformation.  And fire gives warmth. Here too the mystery of Christ is made newly visible. Christ, the light, is fire, flame, burning up evil and so reshaping both the world and ourselves. “Whoever is close to me is close to the fire,” as Jesus is reported by Origen to have said. And this fire is both heat and light: not a cold light, but one through which God’s warmth and goodness reach down to us.

The great hymn of the Exsultet, which the deacon sings at the beginning of the Easter liturgy, points us quite gently towards a further aspect. It reminds us that this object, the candle, has its origin in the work of bees.  So the whole of creation plays its part. In the candle, creation becomes a bearer of light. But in the mind of the Fathers, the candle also in some sense contains a silent reference to the Church. The cooperation of the living community of believers in the Church in some way resembles the activity of bees. It builds up the community of light. So the candle serves as a summons to us to become involved in the community of the Church, whose raison d’être is to let the light of Christ shine upon the world.

Let us pray to the Lord at this time that he may grant us to experience the joy of his light; let us pray that we ourselves may become bearers of his light, and that through the Church, Christ’s radiant face may enter our world (cf. LG 1). Amen.


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WDTPRS and AUDIO: The Exsultet – explained, translated, sung

It’s hard to believe but this post goes back to 2005! 14 years ago! I always get requests about the Exsultet, so here you are.

___ Originally published in 2005

From an ancient “Exsultet Roll”, which was unfurled over the ambo showing the images in the text as the Exsultet was sung. Here we see the bees and the gathering of wax for the Paschal candle.

The EXSULTET is one of the most spectacular moments of all the Church’s liturgical life.

When it is sung well in Latin the Church is in her glory!

I have fond memories of singing the Exsultet. The first time, I was a deacon on retreat at a monastery in central Italy, where the largest community of Benedictine nuns in Italy sing every word of their office and Mass in Gregorian chant in their 12th c. abbey. Another time, I was asked by my bishop (of an ancient Roman Suburbicarian diocese) to sing the Exsultet in Latin. We started outside in the deep night in the square before an enormous fire. It took over 10 minutes to get everyone inside, with long pauses between each “Lumen Christi!” The candle was the size of a Scottish caber. Though there was still much movement and exuberance I started singing, and when they heard the rarely use Latin and chant the great crowd quieted. As I sang about the “red-glowing flame” being “divided into parts” I could see a thousand candles and hear the fire still crackling outside as it cast flickering glows through the main door.

Most precious, however, are the times I sang the Exsultet in my home parish.

Here is my rendering of the 1970 Missale Romanum version of the Exsultet. Alas, there is no space to give you the Latin also. The Exsultet is also called the Praeconium Paschale. Paschale is an adjective of a Latinized Hebrew word pascha, for the Passover meal of the lamb. The sure and certain Lewis & Short Dictionary says the adjective praeconius, a, um is “of or belonging to a praeco or public crier” while the substantive praeconium is “a crying out in public; a proclaiming, spreading abroad, publishing.” In a Christian context this of course also infers the Good News! A praeconium is simultaneously a profession of faith and a call to faith extended to all who hear.

The Exsultet is a poem, elements of which go back to St. Ambrose (+397). It is to be sung by a deacon (or priest or cantor) during the Easter Vigil as a hymn of praise to God for the light of the Paschal Candle. The text became part of the Roman liturgy around the 9th century. The text is theologically packed. It contains a summary of Easter’s mystery. Christ is risen: we too can rise in Him. This was prepared for from the fall of man, directed by a loving Father, and awaits only the end of the world, although our baptismal character allows us to live the reality now: Already, but not yet!

There is an introductory invitation to “Exult!” (whence its name) given to three different groups: the angels, the Church on earth, and the whole Church together. There follows an account of works of God in the Paschal Mystery and the history of salvation. It begins with a dialog just like a Preface during Holy Mass.

Like a Eucharistic Prayer the Exsultet is a remembrance (anamnesis) which makes the past mysteries present to us. The singer deacon begs the congregation to pray for him as he tells the story of our family history of salvation with all the foreshadowing and “types” of our redemption. So great is God’s ability to turn evil to good that the deacon dares to call Adam’s fall our “happy fault… felix culpa” since because of it we were sent the gift of our Savior. You hear of the work of bees and the shattering of chains of sin. All evil is driven away.

The constant refrain is that this is a blessed night when heavenly and earthly realities merge together and become one.

Finally, there is a humble petition that God the Father will accept our Paschal candle, our evening sacrifice of praise, and make it into one of the lights of the heavens.

This poem/hymn/prayer is too much to grasp all at once. But year by year we have the chance to hear it renewed in the heart of the Church’s greatest night. The mysteries within it do not change, but we do. Each year we are a little different. We can hear it each year with new insight and understanding.

Consider the setting.

For forty days we have done penance. We participated at the anniversary of Holy Mass and the Priesthood on Holy Thursday with the mandatum and the procession to the altar of repose, Christ in agony in Gethsemane. On Good Friday, the day with no Mass, after our humble prostration before the Crucified Lord we stood for the singing of the Passion. Now we are in a dark church. The fire was kindled and the “Light of Christ” was thrice announced. The faithful have little candles sparked to life from the single flame of the Paschal candle, the “Christ candle”, now lighted as the symbol of His resurrection. The candle is incensed and then:

2002 Missale Romanum

Exult now O ye angelic throngs of the heavens:
Exult O ye divine mysteries:
and let the saving trumpet resound for the victory of so great a King.
Let the earthly realm also be joyful, made radiant by such flashings like lightning:
and, made bright with the splendor of the eternal King,
let it perceive that it has dismissed the entire world’s gloom.
Let Mother Church rejoice as well,
adorned with the blazes of so great a light:
and let this royal hall ring with the great voices of the peoples.
Wherefore, most beloved brothers and sisters,
you here present to such a wondrous brightness of this holy light,
I beseech you, together with me
invoke the mercy of Almighty God.
Let Him who deigned to gather me in among the number of the Levites,
by no merits of mine,
while pouring forth the glory of His own light
enable me to bring to fullness the praise of this waxen candle.

Deacon: The Lord be with you!
Response: And with your spirit!
D: Raise your hearts on high!
R: We now have them present to the Lord!
D: Let us then give thanks to the Lord our God!
R: This is worthy and just!
Truly it is worthy and just
to resound forth with the whole of the heart, disposition of mind,
and by the ministry of the voice,
the invisible God the Father Almighty,
and His Only-begotten Son
our Lord Jesus Christ,
Who, on our behalf, resolved Adam’s debt to the Eternal Father
and cleansed with dutiful bloodshed the bond of the ancient crime.
For these are the Paschal holy days,
in which that true Lamb is slain,
by Whose Blood the doorposts of the faithful are consecrated.
This is the night
in which first of all You caused our forefathers,
the children of Israel brought forth from Egypt,
to pass dry shod through the Red Sea.
This is the night
which purged the darkness of sins by the illumination of the pillar.
This is the night
which today restores to grace and unites in sanctity throughout the world Christ’s believers,
separated from the vices of the world and the darkness of sins.
This is the night
in which, once the chains of death were undone,
Christ the victor arose from the nether realm.
For it would have profited us nothing to have been born,
unless it had been fitting for us to be redeemed.
O wondrous condescension of Your dutiful concern for us!
O inestimable affection of sacrificial love:
You delivered up Your Son that You might redeem the slave!
O truly needful sin of Adam,
that was blotted out by the death of Christ!
O happy fault,
that merited to have such and so great a Redeemer!
O truly blessed night,
that alone deserved to know the time and hour
in which Christ rose again from the nether world!
This is the night about which it was written:
And night shall be made as bright as day:
and night is as my brightness for me.
Therefore the sanctification of this night puts to flight all wickedness, cleanses sins,
and restores innocence to the fallen and gladness to the sorrowful.
It drives away hatreds, procures concord, and makes dominions bend.
Therefore, in this night of grace,
accept, O Holy Father, the evening sacrifice of this praise,
which Holy Church renders to You
in the solemn offering of this waxen candle
by the hands of Your ministers from the work of bees.
We are knowing now the proclamations of this column,
which glowing fire kindles in honor of God.
Which fire, although it is divided into parts,
is knowing no loss from its light being lent out.
For it is nourished by the melting streams of wax,
which the mother bee produced for the substance of this precious torch.
O truly blessed night,
in which heavenly things are joined to those of earth,
the divine to the human!
Therefore, we beseech You, O Lord,
that this waxen candle, consecrated in honor of Your name,
may continue unfailing to dispel the darkness of this night.
And once it is accepted as a placating sacrifice,
may it be mingled with the heavenly lights.
Let the morning star meet with its flame:
that very star, I say, which knows no setting:
Christ Your Son, who, having returned from the nether realm,
broke serene like the dawn upon the human race,
and now lives and reigns forever and ever.

Posted in EASTER, Linking Back, Liturgy Science Theatre 3000, PASCHALCAzT, PODCAzT, WDTPRS | Tagged | 10 Comments

JUST TOO COOL: Fr. Z kudos to Our Lady’s Bees! They survived the fire #NDParis


“All of you who stand fast in the Lord are a holy seed, a new colony of bees, the very flower of our ministry and fruit of our toil, my joy and my crown.” – St. Augustine of Hippo

From Crux:

Drunk on smoke: Notre Dame’s bees survive cathedral blaze

PARIS – Hunkered down in their hives and drunk on smoke, Notre Dame’s smallest official residents – some 180,000 bees – somehow managed to survive the inferno that consumed the cathedral’s ancient wooden roof.

Confounding officials who thought they had perished, the bees clung to life, protecting their queen.

“It’s a big day. I am so relieved. I saw satellite photos that showed the three hives didn’t burn,” Notre Dame beekeeper Nicolas Geant told The Associated Press on Friday.

“Instead of killing them, the CO2 (from smoke) makes them drunk, puts them to sleep,” he explained.  [Sobria ebrietas?]

Geant has overseen the bees since 2013, when three hives were installed on the roof of the stone sacristy that joins the south end of the monument.

The undersigned, on 26 Nov 2018 in the sacristy of Notre-Dame in Paris vesting for a Requiem Mass for Bp. Morlino in the Chapel of the Crown of Thorns.

The move was part of a Paris-wide initiative to boost declining bee numbers. Hives were also introduced above Paris’s gilded Opera.

The cathedral’s hives were lower than Notre Dame’s main roof and the 19th-century spire that burned and collapsed during Monday evening’s fire.

Since bees don’t have lungs, they can’t die from smoke inhalation – but they can die from excessive heat. European bees, unlike some bee species elsewhere, don’t abandon their hives when facing danger. [Did not know that.]

“When bees sense fire, they gorge themselves on honey and stay to protect their queen, who doesn’t move,” Geant said. “I saw how big the flames were, so I immediately thought it was going to kill the bees. Even though they were nearly 100 feet lower than the top roof, the wax in the hives melts at 145 degrees Fahrenheit.”

If the wax that protects their hive melts, the bees simply die inside, Geant explained.

Smoke, on the other hand, is innocuous. Beekeepers regularly smoke out the hives to sedate the colony whenever they need access inside. The hives produce around 165 pounds of honey annually, which is sold to Notre Dame employees.

Notre Dame officials saw the bees on top of the sacristy Friday, buzzing in and out of their hives.

“I wouldn’t call it a miracle, but I’m very, very happy,” Geant added.

Fr. Z kudos to Our Lady’s Bees!

Those of you who attend the Vigil tonight will hear of the bees during the Exsultet.


I was just informed about a cocktail which would be a worthy Easter way to celebrate Our Lady’s Bees survival.

Make yourself a “Bees Knees”!

From Saveur:


For the honey syrup:
1 cup honey
1?3 cup hot water

For the cocktail:
1 oz. fresh lemon juice
3?4 oz. honey syrup
2 oz. gin, preferably Beefeater (well… I dunno)

Make the honey syrup: In a container, combine honey and hot water and stir until completely mixed. Use immediately or store and refrigerate for up to 5 days.

In a shaker tin, combine fresh lemon juice, honey syrup, gin, and ice.
Shake vigorously and strain into a coupe glass.


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LENTCAzT 2019 46 – Holy Saturday: The Harrowing of Hell

Today is Holy Saturday. Our Lenten journey is complete.

We hear from an fine article by David Arias on the Harrowing of Hell from 2014 in the ever-useful Crisis.

I provide these especially in gratitude to benefactors who help me and this blog.

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POLL: Foot-washing on Holy Thursday where you are – ORDINARY FORM

Quick polls

The 2019 Holy Thursday ORDINARY Form Mass I attended ...

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“Behold, I make all things new.”


The moment which, every time, nearly overwhelms me to the point of not being able to breathe is when Christ falls and His Mother has her flashback.  She – past and present – rushes to Him.   He quotes the not-yet-written Revelation 21:5:

“Behold, I make all things new.”

Of course He was saying what would be written would be spoken.

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#GoodFriday and You: Prayers for Holy Souls in Purgatory and Plenary Indulgences

Something which would enormously help every aspect of the life of the Church in the modern world is a revival of classic devotions and the return to a style of prayer which, to our ears, seems quite formal and, at times, florid. Spontaneous prayer is good. Spontaneous prayer that has been shaped and formed and rests on a solid foundation of well-crafted and classic prayers is better.

Today, Good Friday, there is a devotional prayer of St. Bridget for the Poor Souls, Holy Souls in Purgatory. It was revealed to St. Bridget that if this prayer is said devoutly 33 times on Good Friday, 33 souls would be released from Purgatory and 3 souls on ordinary Fridays.


I adore Thee, O Holy Cross, which has been adorned with the tender, delicate and venerable hands and feet of my Savior, Jesus Christ, and immured with the Precious Blood. I adore Thee, my God, nailed to the Cross for me. I adore Thee again, O Holy Cross, for the love of my Lord and Savior, Jesus Christ. Amen.

You don’t have to do them all at once.

Also, you have the opportunity to gain plenary indulgences under the usual conditions on Good Friday.

From the Handbook of Indulgences:

“A plenary indulgence is granted to the faithful who

  1. Devoutly assist at the adoration of the Cross in the solemn liturgical action of Good Friday; or

  2. Personally make the pious Way of the Cross, or devoutly unite themselves to the Way of the Cross while it is being led by the Supreme Pontiff and broadcast live on television or radio.”

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silverstream_via-crucis-priestsHere also are my audio projects of the Way of the Cross.

On 1st Fridays, do please pray the Act of Reparation.

What we need right now is PRAYER, especially now.

And remember to GO TO CONFESSION!

For priests, especially, try The Way Of The Cross For Priests from the Benedictines of Silverstream Priory.  HERE.  Would you consider getting copies of this for your priests where you are?  Lay people: pray it for priests.

Below are readings of the Via Crucis, the Way of the Cross, composed by

  • Joseph Card. Ratzinger, later Pope Benedict XVI, for the 2005 Good Friday observance at the Colosseum in Rome
  • St. Alphonus Liguori
  • Bl. John Henry Newman
  • St. Francis of Assisi (according to the method of…)
  • Silverstream Priory – The Way Of The Cross For Priests

There are two versions of the Way by St. Alphonsus Liguori. One is plain with just my voice. The other is the same voice recording but with the Gregorian chant Sequence Stabat Mater interlaced between the stations.

You can gain a plenary indulgence, under the usual conditions of confession and Communion within a few days of the work and detachment even from venial sin.  From the Handbook of Indulgences:

63. Exercise of the Way of the Cross (Viae Crucis exercitium)

A plenary indulgence is granted to the faithful, who make the pious exercise of the Way of the Cross.

The gaining of the plenary indulgence is regulated by the following norms:

  1. The pious exercise must be made before stations of the Way of the Cross legitimately erected.

  2. For the erection of the Way of the Cross fourteen crosses are required, to which it is customary to add fourteen pictures or images, which represent the stations of Jerusalem.

  3. According to the more common practice, the pious exercise consists of fourteen pious readings, to which some vocal prayers are added. However, nothing more is required than a pious meditation on the Passion and Death of the Lord, which need not be a particular consideration of the individual mysteries of the stations.

  4. A movement from one station to the next is required.

I believe that if you follow the Holy Father’s Way of the Cross on Good Friday, even by television, the indulgence is available.

If the pious exercise is made publicly and if it is not possible for all taking part to go in an orderly way from station to station, it suffices if at least the one conducting the exercise goes from station to station, the others remaining in their place.

Those who are “impeded” can gain the same indulgence, if they spend at least one half an hour in pious reading and meditation on the Passion and Death of our Lord Jesus Christ.

For those belonging to Eastern Rites, among whom this pious exercise is not practiced, the respective Patriarchs can determine some other pious exercise in memory of the Passion and Death of our Lord Jesus Christ for the gaining of this indulgence.

Meanwhile, from a reader last year…

Just a quick note to say thank you for providing your recordings of the Stations of the Cross. I am completely blind and had committed to making this part of my Lenten practices, only to have the Braille display from which I read promptly die. I had been struggling to find a recording of St. Alphonsus’ version. May God bless you!

If these recordings are helpful to you, please say a prayer for me, especially if you use the Way Of The Cross For Priests.

Posted in Classic Posts, Liturgy Science Theatre 3000, Our Catholic Identity, PODCAzT, Priests and Priesthood | Tagged , , , , , , , | 44 Comments

Good Friday Reminder: Fasting, Abstaining, and You

Tomorrow is Good Friday. Let’s review our obligations before the day arrives so that we aren’t taken by surprise.

Two days of the year we modern Latin Church Catholics are asked both to fast and to abstain from meat.

According to the 1983 Code of Canon Law for the Latin Church, Latin Church Catholics are bound to observe fasting and abstinence on Ash Wednesday and Good Friday.

Here are some details. I have posted them before, and I am sure you know them already, but they are good to review.

FASTING: Catholics who are 18 year old and up, until their 59th birthday (when you begin your 60th year), are bound to fast (1 full meal and perhaps some food at a couple points during the day, call it 2 “snacks”, according to local custom or law – two snacks that don’t add up to a full meal) on Ash Wednesday and Good Friday.

Since we are Unreconstructed Ossifed Manualists, we pay attention to old manuals.  Prümmer suggests that for the morning snack a piece of bread and 2 ounces of nourishing food is sufficient, and that for the afternoon or evening snack, 8 ounces of nourishing food is permitted to all.  “Sufficient” for what is not entirely clear.  There is a difference between working construction and working at a computer.  This is greatly simplified by taking Good Friday off… if possible.

There is no scientific formula for this. Figure it out.

ABSTINENCE: Catholics who are 14 years old and older are abound to abstain from meat on Ash Wednesday and on all Fridays of Lent… and Good Friday in the Triduum.

In general, when you have a medical condition of some kind, or you are pregnant, etc., these requirements can be relaxed.

For Eastern Catholics there are differences concerning dates and practices. Our Eastern friends can fill us Latins in.  As I understand, the Byzantine (Ruthenian) Catholic Church in these USA has followed the Latin rite to a certain extent.  Abstinence from meat is required on all Wednesdays and Fridays of Great Lent, with the the strict fast (abstinence from meat and dairy) on Clean Monday and Good Friday.

You would do well to include works of mercy, both spiritual and corporal.

I also recommend making a good confession. Let me put that another way:


“But Father! But Father!”, some of you are saying anxiously, “What about my Mystic Monk Coffee? I can drink my Mystic Monk Coffee, can’t I? Can’t I?”

You can, of course, with and as part of your full meal and two “snacks”(portions that wouldn’t make a full meal) . No question there.

How about in between?

The old axiom, for the Lenten fast, is “Liquidum non frangit ieiuniumliquid does not break the fast”, provided you are drinking for the sake of thirst, rather than for eating. Common sense suggests that chocolate banana shakes or “smoothies”, etc., are not permissible, even though they are pretty much liquid in form. They are not what you would drink because you are thirsty, as you might more commonly do with water, coffee, tea, wine in some cases, lemonade, even some of these sports drinks such as “Gatorade”, etc.

Again, common sense applies, so figure it out.

Drinks such as coffee and tea do not break the Lenten fast even if they have a little milk added, or a bit of sugar, or fruit juice, which in the case of tea might be lemon.

Coffee would break the Eucharistic fast (one hour before Communion), since – pace fallentes – coffee is no longer water, but it does not break the Lenten fast on Ash Wednesday or Good Friday.

You will be happy to know that chewing tobacco does not break the fast (unless you eat the quid, I guess), nor does using mouthwash (gargarisatio in one manual I checked) or brushing your teeth (pulverisatio – because tooth powder was in use back in the day).

If you want to drink your coffee and tea with true merit I suggest drinking it from one of my coffee mugs. I’d like to offer an indulgence for doing so, but that’s above my pay grade.

There’s always the Liquidum non frangit ieiunium mug.



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