From a priest:
After 17 years as a priest I’m surprised I can’t track down an answer to this, but even our diocesan faculties booklet is unclear.
A priest of our diocese baptized an infant whose parents are registered in my parish. The baptism was in the parish where he serves in residence. I did not give permission for the baptism, and now I’m wondering if permission is even required. I looked up all the canons cited in our faculties booklet (esp. c. 530, p. 1), but none of them specifically say that permission is required in this case. Is the permission just a courtesy to a pastor, or is there a canon hidden somewhere that specifically requires a pastor’s permission?
Canon 530.1 establishes that baptisms are “especially entrusted” to the pastor (parish priest) of the person. This is a relaxation of the former law which reserved baptism to the pastor (and others lawfully delegated).
These days there’s no need for any dispensation or real permission for a bishop, priest or deacon (who, in accord with can. 861, are ordinary ministers of the sacrament) to baptize someone who is not his subject, as long as the baptism takes place in the territory with which he has been entrusted.
Thus, if he wanted to baptize outside of his territory (emergency situations excepted, of course), even if the one being baptized were one of his subjects, then he would need permission from the local pastor.
That said, it is polite protocol for the parents to inform their pastor that they are taking their child to be baptized by another priest. They don’t need their pastor’s permission to do so, but, since baptism is a task “especially entrusted” to him as their parish priest, and since he is the one charged with caring for their and their whole family’s spiritual welfare, it is the polite thing to do.
One point, however, set off an alarm…. albeit a minor alarm.
You write of the parents who are “registered in” your parish.
Unless there is particular law, registration in a parish has no canonical weight.
One’s parish is determined by one’s domicile (unless there is a personal parish, such as an ethnic parish – which is another matter).
Even if the parents in question are “registered” at St. Ethelburga’s, if they reside within the territory of Our Lady Tower of Ivory parish, then their canonical parish is Our Lady, Tower of Ivory. The pastor of Our Lady Tower of Ivory is the one to whom the baptism of their children has been “especially entrusted”, not the pastor of St. Ethelburga’s.