Over at Chiesa, the gentlemanly Sandro Magister has posted about German and Italian bishops and the issue of new, corrected translation of the Missale Romanum. However, the piece is not by Magister. It is anonymous… signed “***”, which I think is rather shabby. In any event we should have a look at what there is. With my emphases and comments.
Vatican Diary / Not All Bishops Are of Good Will
The Italians are at the front of the line in disobeying Rome, [When it comes to a liturgical issue, I am not entirely surprised.] with regard to the translation of the words of consecration. The Germans and Austrians are bringing up the rear. And even in the translations of the Our Father and of the Gloria, there is disagreement
by *** [I think people should sign their names.]
VATICAN CITY, October 4, 2011 – At the present time, all of the parishes and churches of the United States are receiving the new English version of the Roman Missal, which will be used starting on the first Sunday of Advent, this November 27. [1 month, 20 days!]
The variations with respect to the previous version are numerous, and hotly debated. But the change that has prompted the greatest dispute is certainly the one that concerns the words of the consecration of the wine, where it says in the Latin version: “Hic est enim calix sanguinis mei […] qui pro vobis et pro multis effundetur.” The “pro multis” of this formula has generally been translated, in the vernacular translations of the postcouncil, as “for all”: [But not in all European language. In German and Italian, yes. Not in French.] a translation that not only does not respect the letter of the original Latin, which in turn is derived from the Gospel texts, but has also generated a subtle but lively theological debate. [I’ve written and posted about this many times here.]
In order to resolve this problem, in October of 2006 the presidents of the episcopal conferences all over the world were sent a letter, under the “guidance” of Benedict XVI, from the congregation for divine worship, headed at the time by Cardinal Francis Arinze. It asked that “pro multis” be translated as “for many.” This was done by the episcopates of Hungary (from “mindenkiért” to “sokakért) and of various countries in Latin America (from “por todos” to “por muchos”). The Spanish episcopate is preparing to do so, and the change has already been made, not without very lively discussions even among the bishops, by the episcopate of the United States (from “for all” to “for many”). As for the episcopates of Germany and Austria, they are showing strong resistance to the change from fur alle” to “fur viele.” [What the writer is not telling you is that this move of Benedict XVI was more than “guidance”. Only the Roman Pontiff has the authority to approve translations of sacramental forms (AAS 66 (1974) 98-99). He directed the CDW to inform all bishops conferences about his will in this matter and the CDW urged the conferences to engage in catechesis. (cf. Protocol Number is 467/05/L).]
As for Italy, the issue was addressed by the bishops during the plenary assembly of the episcopal conference held in Assisi in November of 2010, during the examination of the material of the third Italian edition of the Roman Missal.
On that occasion, the Italian bishops showed tremendous reluctance to introduce “per molti.” During the sessions, in fact, it was insisted that the episcopal conferences of the individual regions were already “unanimous” in choosing the version “per tutti.” [And their suggestion was not shared by the Holy Father, who decided otherwise.] And when the bishops of all of Italy were called to vote on this specific point of the Missal, the result was the following: out of 187 voters, in addition to one blank ballot, there were 171 votes in favor of keeping “per tutti,” 4 for the introduction of the version “per la moltitudine” (taken from “pour la multitude,” used in the French Missal), [I love that “taken from the French Missal. The Missale Romanum is in Latin.] and just 11 for the “per molti” requested by the Holy See in 2006.
At the same meeting, the Italian bishops also voted in favor of two changes to the Our Father and the Gloria.
For the Our Father, in a two-part vote, the bishops first rejected the idea of keeping the phrase “non ci indurre in tentazione [do not lead us into temptation]”; this phrase, in fact, received only 24 votes out of 84, fewer than the two others that were then voted on: “non abbandonarci alla tentazione [do not abandon us to temptation]” (87 votes) and “non abbandonarci nella tentazione [do not abandon us in temptation]” (62 votes). Of these two, the largest number of votes went to the first, with 111 against 68.
As for the Gloria, out of 187 voters, 151 approved the variation “Gloria a Dio nell’alto dei cieli e pace in terra agli uomini che egli ama [glory to God in the heights of heaven and peace on earth to the men whom he loves,” in the place of the phrase currently in use, “Gloria a Dio nell’alto dei cieli e pace in terra agli uomini di buona volontà [glory to God in the heights of heaven and peace on earth to men of good will,” which obtained 36 votes. [This is the old problem of the subjective and objective genitive again.]
Regarding these same texts, the bishops of the United States preferred not to touch the Our Father, leaving unaltered the phrase “and lead us not into temptation,” linguistically more faithful to the Latin “et ne nos inducas in tentationem.”
But with regard to the Gloria, they decided to change the words “and peace to his people on earth” to “and on earth peace to people of good will,” also in this case following literally the original Latin, “et in terra pax hominibus bonae voluntatis.”
The bottom line is that in most every in the new translations bishops worked up their texts with the help of ICEL and the Holy See, which has greater authority than conferences of bishops in these matters, adjusted them where they desired. However the Pope alone gets to approve the translations of sacramental forms, and for obvious reasons. This Pope knows something about the pro multis question and didn’t merely rely on advice from others.