From Business Insider with lots of extremely cool images:
The Vatican Library was founded in 1451 by Nicholas V. It holds some 180,000 manuscripts, 1.6 million books and 150,000 images and engravings.
Last year, non-profit organization Digita Vaticana Oculus was founded with the aim of helping fund the digitization of 80,000 of the manuscripts, or 41 million pages.
In March, Japanese IT firm NTT DATA Corp won a four-year, $23 million contract to digitize the first 3000 manuscripts, totaling 1.5 million pages.
The first 500 manuscripts are now available to view, along with 600 incunabula – books or pamphlets printed before 1500 AD.
Here is a sample:
Oath, signed by 42 Christians of Kuchinotzu (Japan), to defend their missionaries to death, dated 1613.