From a reader…
Father, as the solemnity of the Holy Trinity is close ahead, a friend of mine was wondering: if the Trinity can never be split, do we receive the Holy Spirit in the Eucharist?
I thought not exactly, since it’s the Body of Christ that was given to us on the Cross and I also thought that if saying that either the Father or the Holy Spirit died or suffered is a heresy, then it would be wrong to do such a connection in the Sacrament offered at the Altar of the Cross, the Supper of the Lamb and the Sacrifice of Christ.
When we receive the Eucharist, we receive the Body, Blood, Soul and Divinity of Christ. Christ is pre-eminently and substantially present in the Eucharist.
However, the Holy Trinity is a community of Divine Persons in perfect unity. Every act of each Person also is an act of the other Persons. One acts, all act. The Eucharist is the eternal offering of the Son to the Father renewed beyond the strictures of space and time (now that He has entered the heavenly Temple as High Priest). The Holy Spirit brings about Communion. We can consider what the CCC says:
1358 We must therefore consider the Eucharist as:
– thanksgiving and praise to the Father;
– the sacrificial memorial of Christ and his Body;
– the presence of Christ by the power of his word and of his Spirit.
Christ is substantially present under the appearances of bread and wine. But, because of the unity of the Persons of the Trinity, when we receive the Eucharist, we receive – in somewhat different senses – all three Persons.