UPDATED – IMPORTANT – John Paul Institute 2.0 and the systematic purge of the last remaining “Wojtylians”

UPDATE 30 July 2019

Folks, this is a “big deal”.

What’s being done to the John Paul II Institute is emblematic of what is happening – and is going to happen – in Rome and in the rest of the Church outside of Rome.

It’s a signal from HQ to the sleeper cells: “It’s time to come out of hiding and STRIKE!”

I will remind the readers that in January 2018, after Maurizio Chiodi (whom I mention below) gave his pro-contraception talk at the Jesuit-run Gregorian University, I described him as a “canary in the mineshaft”.  With Kasper’s address and the two rigged Family Synods, to Amoris laetitia and Chiodi and the changes at the Pontifical Academy for Life etc. etc., we’ve been watching a brilliantly executed campaign of “creeping incrementalism”.   They are patient, friends, and move slowly but inexorably toward their goals like a bone-crushing juggernaut.  Bone by bone.  Nothing too dramatic at the beginning, but inexorably forward with the conviction that potential opposition is too fragmented to make a difference.

This is why I have often – as Michael Matt has too – called for a stop to the parochial posturing of some in the conservative and traditional side of life in the Church.  Libs set aside their pet issues temporarily for the sake of combining forces and working for the overturning of the status quo.  Ever wonder how libs, dems, feminists, LGBTSJs etc. seem to coddle even Islamic terror?  The enemy of my enemy.  See Andrew McCarthy on that [US HERE – UK HERE]. Conservatives tend to defend their tiny wrinkles of turf to the point that they couldn’t coordinate enough to run a bird cage, much less mount a strong offense.

Pay attention to this one and gird your loins.

See what I added, below.

___ Originally published Published on: Jul 29, 2019

When I was in the Theology section at the Pontifical Lateran University, I would see at the end one of the hallways the doors leading into the John Paul II Institute for Marriage and the Family, founded at the sainted Pope’s behest after Familiaris consortio by the eventual Cardinal (and one of the four Dubia brothers) Carlo Caffarra.  It was a great institution which activated John Paul’s teachings.

Francis renamed the place and gave it a new mission in 2017.  Then he appointed new personnel to carry out that mission.  Co-founder of the Sant’Egidio group and a postulator for the cause of Oscar Romero Archbp. Vincenzo Paglia reigns over the place now as Grand Chancellor of the Lateran.  You might have read also about Paglia that there is a seemingly homo-erotic fresco image of him in a fresco (which he commissioned) in the cathedral of his former Diocese of Terni-Narni-Amelia.  The President, now, is Pierangelo Sequeri.

Part of the mission of the new team at the Institute seems to be part of an over-arching agenda: diminish the magisterial teachings of John Paul II. That’s, frankly, at the core of the Five Dubia of the Four Cardinals, among whom was Caffarra, probably the main author of the sumbitted Dubia. The question, dubia, center on affirmations in Familiaris consortio and Veritatis splendor.

In any event, the now-former President of the JP Institute, Msgr Livio Melina, a tenured-professor of Moral Theology, was recently sacked from his teaching post. Also sacked, Stanslaw Gryiegel, a long-time friend of John Paul who in 2018 criticized those in the circle of Francis who were undermining the teachings of Humane vitae on contraception. You might recall that Maurizio Chiodi  – a disciple of the infamous darling of the Fishwrap and Curran-types and Hell’s Bible, Bernard Häring – in a talk at the Gregorian (Jesuits) suggested that Amoria laetitia perhaps made artificial contraception acceptable.  Chiodi was – incredibly – appointed to the Pontifical Academy for Life (headed by Paglia).

It seems that the new statues of JPII Institute 2.0 make no reference to the teachings of JPII or to Humanae vitae.

In Rome, it is said that Paglia and the “Pagliani” are conducting a purge of the last remaining “Wojtylians”.

No joke.  In the headline, below, Card. Scola, former head of the Lateran (when I was there) and therefore head of the JPII Institute says: “Purge”

What’s next?  Disappear people out of airplanes?

Comment moderation is ON.

UPDATE 30 July

Today at Il Foglio there is a piece about this.

Fuori il wojtyliano
Studenti in rivolta all’Istituto Giovanni Paolo II. Mons. Paglia tace, i nuovi vertici dell’Istituto replicano

The Wojtylian out
Students in revolt at the John Paul II Institute. Archbp. Paglia silent, the new administration of the Institute reply

The Pagliani are circling the wagons and denouncing those who have dared to object to the purge. I imagine that they will soon be consulting AOC and Rep. Cummings about the best ways to attack their opponents without actually making arguments.

Also, at Catholic World Report there is an offering by George Weigel about this anti-JPII pogrom. Of course, Weigel has a vested interest in the matter. He is one of the great proponents of all things Wojtylian.

The Vandals sack Rome….again

An exercise in raw intellectual vandalism has been underway in Rome since July 23: what was originally known as the Pontifical John Paul II Institute for Marriage and the Family has been peremptorily but systematically stripped of its most distinguished faculty, and its core courses in fundamental moral theology have been cancelled. Concurrently, academics known to be opposed to the teaching of Humanae Vitae on the appropriate means of regulating fertility and the teaching of Veritatis Splendor on intrinsically evil acts are being appointed to teach at the reconfigured Institute, which is housed at the Pontifical Lateran University – the pope’s own institution of higher learning. Sixteen hundred nine years after the first Vandal sack of Rime, they’re at it again, although this time the chief vandal wears an archbishop’s zucchetto.

[…]

Quod non fecerunt vandali, faciunt Pagliarini.

Then Weigel gives some background on the post-Conciliar conservative/liberal divide into Communio/Consilum camps. It’s helpful if you don’t know that history. The creation of the John Paul Institute was part of the sainted Pope’s strategic design to shore up Catholic moral theology, which was (and still is) swirling around the drain. But the modernists remained underground, biding their time. Now they have exploded to the surface again in a rampage of liberal weeds across virtually every field in the Church.

Back to Weigel.

[…]

So these stubborn and, it now seems, ruthless men bided their time. In recent years, they have continued to lose every serious debate on the nature of the moral life, on the morality of conjugal life, on sacramental discipline, and on the ethics of human love; and the more intelligent among them know it, or at least fear that that’s the case. So in a bizarre repetition of the anti-Modernist purge of theological faculties that followed Pius X’s 1907 encyclical Pascendi, they have now abandoned argument and resorted to thuggery and brute force in order to win what they had failed to win by scholarly debate and persuasion.  [And interesting contrapasso.  However, I remind the readership that that early anti-Modernist action didn’t work.  Modernists tucked their heads down and awaited their day and there were groups who systematically infiltrated the Church.  Remember that the Enemy is really good at being an enemy.  Hell’s game is the long game.  Hate is patient also, but not kind.]

That unbecoming score-settling is why the senior faculty of the John Paul II Institute was abruptly dismissed last week, and that is why there is absolutely no guarantee that, in the immediate future, the Institute that bears his name will have any resemblance to what John Paul II intended for it. Cardinal Angelo Scola, emeritus archbishop of Milan and a former rector of the Pontifical Lateran University, described what is afoot in Rome these days as “torpedoing” the John Paul II Institute through an academic “purge.” 150 students of the Institute signed a letter saying that the changes underway will destroy the institute’s identity and mission; in the present Roman circumstances, they have about as much chance of being heard as Marshal Mikhail Tukhachevsky had at the Moscow Purge Trials in 1937-38[I like the Cultural Revolution comparison, but this works.]

That these Stalinistic acts of intellectual brigandage against the theological and pastoral heritage of Pope St. John Paul II are being carried out by Archbishop Vincenzo Paglia – who came to international attention in 2017 for having commissioned a homoerotic fresco in the apse of the cathedral of Terni-Narni-Amelia – is ironic in the extreme.  [Indeed.  Or to put it another way, “Il diavolo fa pentole, ma non i coperchi”.  The Enemy always shows you what he’s cooking.]

[…]

Is there a red hat in Archbishop Paglia’s future? If so, it will be as a reward for knee-capping scholars of impeccable scholarly credentials and personal probity, deeply beloved by their students. One wonders if the Grand-Chancellor-Become-Lord-High-Executioner of the John Paul II Institute has ever read A Man for All Seasons and Thomas More’s devastating response to his betrayal by the grasping bureaucrat, Richard Rich: “Why Richard, it profits a man nothing to give his soul for the whole world…but for Wales?”

Thus the Roman atmosphere of the moment: sulphurous, febrile, and extremely nasty, with more than a whiff of panic about it. This is not the way people behave who believe they are firmly in control and likely to remain that way. Do those who like to imagine that they have gained the upper hand in the War of the Conciliar Succession fear the future? They should. Because, as John Paul II knew, truth will always win out, however long it takes, because error is lifeless and stultifying.

Thus, Weigel.  I’m not sure about his suggestion that they are worried about time and that this is panicky.   I rather think this is an example of agere sequitur esse… things/people act in accordance with their nature.  What do I mean?

Think of the fable of Aesop about the Farmer and Viper.

During a bitterly cold winter a farmer is walking in his field.  He finds a viper nearly dead in the snow.  In a moment of pity he picks up the viper and puts it inside his coat to warm it and save its life.  Having been warmed and revived, the viper promptly bites his rescuer.  “Why did you bite me when I was saving your life?” asked the farmer, dying in agony from the venom searing his veins.  “What did you expect?” replied the snake. “I’m a viper. That’s what I do.”

What we are seeing is deliberate.

John Paul and Benedict XVI made some head-scratching choices in whom they promoted and whom they didn’t deal with in a timely manner.  Should we be surprised that they are now acting as they are?  Not a bite…. sorry… a bit.

Viperas in sinu foverunt iam iamque calefactae mordent.

UPDATE

From LifeSite:

ROME, July 30, 2019 (LifeSiteNews) — An Italian moral theologian who has argued that “responsible parenthood” can obligate a married couple to use artificial birth control has been invited to teach at the newly established John Paul II Institute in Rome, LifeSite has confirmed.

Two informed sources in Rome told LifeSite that Fr. Maurizio Chiodi, a professor of moral theology at the Northern University of Milan and new member of the Pontifical Academy for Life, has been invited to teach at the new institute, but his official appointment is still pending.

[…]

More recently, Fr. Chiodi openly expressed heterodox positions on homosexuality, arguing that we need to go beyond “nature” and consider the possibility that homosexual acts can in certain circumstances be morally good.

[…]

From last Sunday’s Gospel reading in the Traditional Roman Rite:

Continuation of the Holy Gospel according to Matthew
R. Glory be to Thee, O Lord.
Matt. 7:15-21
At that time, Jesus said to His disciples: Beware of false prophets, who come to you in sheep’s clothing, but inwardly are ravenous wolves. By their fruits you will know them. Do men gather grapes from thorns, or figs from thistles? Even so, every good tree bears good fruit, but the bad tree bears bad fruit. A good tree cannot bear bad fruit, nor can a bad tree bear good fruit. Every tree that does not bear good fruit is cut down and thrown into the fire. Therefore, by their fruits you will know them. Not everyone who says to Me, ‘Lord, Lord,’ shall enter the kingdom of heaven; but he who does the will of My Father in heaven shall enter the kingdom of heaven.

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26 Responses to UPDATED – IMPORTANT – John Paul Institute 2.0 and the systematic purge of the last remaining “Wojtylians”

  1. ArthurH says:

    DISTRACTION-OVERLOAD. That is what this latest infamy is about….the actual, overt intent to “purge”and remake the JPII institute notwithstanding. But distraction and overload from what?

    Here– and more and more– the changes to and attacks on Catholic dogma and practice seems an unending wave of horror (Rosemary’s “This is not a dream!” kind of horror), all coming from within the Church– far harder to repel than any from without, esp with the Pope as general–will lead (is already leading) to horror-fatigue from overload, as few can keep up with the array, much less do anything to slow its progress let alone reverse it.

    ALL this of late, from my perspective, is designed to lessen the sure-to-come heat on the Amazon Synod, which if standing alone with not other distraction, could bring on a second Reformation. Surround/bury this synod in an endless array of lesser assaults and maybe, the Synod ideologies think, the invasion on dogma there will succeed and then hold.

    Pray for our church– to be sure, we all can do that; God surely, though, does also expect us all to DO something about it, not just to sit there sucking our thumbs in stunned silence.

    My question: WHAT does that “DO” look like for those who care… something that does not also render us irreverent to Christ and His beleaguered Bride? How does one go about fixing a problem when the center of that problem–actually and figuratively– is the person charged with its care?

  2. Aquinas Gal says:

    This is so sad but it won’t last. Sometime in the future the teachings of St John Paul will be restored to their former place at this school. It reminds me of what happened to St Faustina–for a time her message was under suspicion in Rome, but in the end, through John Paul, it came to light in glorious splendor.
    St John Paul the Great, pray for us!

  3. Amerikaner says:

    You think it can’t get any crazier, and then it does.

  4. TonyO says:

    I don’t know why I should be surprised, but I am. This is shockingly straightforward in terms of revolt. They are no longer putting a kindly face on the rebellion, they are doing it front and center, in the clear light of broad day.

    They didn’t just “re-name” an existing institution, they completely eradicated it from existence and created a new one in its place, one with a similar name but absolutely nothing of the essence. They sacked every single teacher, though they will re-hire the ones they want (forecast: they will hire less than 30% of the old ones, and only the ones that were shaky / unorthodox anyway). They permanently erased two moral theology disciplines in their entirety, just so they could fire the tenured chairmen of them and get those guys out. The only thing lacking (so far) is publicly blacklisting those 2 men.

    So, let me ask a question: if the liberals / innovators / novely-purveyors can do this and get away with it, why couldn’t Paul VI, JPII, and Benedict? Hint: they could have, they just didn’t think that using authority in an authoritative way on the unorthodox was nice. How’s that working out for us?

  5. JARay says:

    I am amazed that God, our loving Father, lets all this happen.

  6. Kathleen10 says:

    They have no need to be subtle or conceal their goals, now they know, they can do whatever they want and really, what happens, some negative press, a little kerfuffle, then it’s business as usual. They have waited long enough, they found somebody to go full steam ahead, and while he’s on this side of the grass, they might as well get things going. When the last person slams the door on the church on their way out, their work will be done.

  7. Just Some Guy says:

    The spiritual perspective is that, because many of these things are promoted by human greed versus a love for the doctrines of Our Blessed Lord, they will all fail eventually, and The Church will live on. The demise of these Earthly Schemes against the kingdom of God lies in the younger priests and seminarians, who’s generation will eventually be wearing the red hats. For now, it seems we must wait on the Lord’s time..

  8. Thomas S says:

    Remember when it was thought the early white smoke probably meant a Pope Scola? Sigh.

  9. Chris Garton-Zavesky says:

    Fr. Zuhlsdorf has, on more than one occasion referred to the Red Guards. As it turns out, I’m reading Animal Farm with several students at present, which may be why I’m thinking along these lines, but surely what we’re watching at the JPII Institute is the other Soviet tactic of airbrushing pictures? Eventually there will be only 1 commandment on the side of the barn, and it might very well read “All Religions are Equal, but some are more equal than others.” This, surely, is the lie that goes all the way back to Genesis, and is part of the reason why Cain killed Abel.

  10. Geoffrey says:

    I am appalled. Until his death, Saint John Paul the Great was the only pontiff I had ever known, and to see his Magisterium being chipped away at is terrible.

    I always felt that Pope Benedict XVI was a natural continuation of St John Paul’s pontificate, i.e., the holy pontiff’s final encyclical letter was on the Eucharist, in which he ordered the promulgation of “Redemptionis Sacramentum”. He also opened the “Year of the Eucharist”, and the “universal indult” that would be brought about with “Summorum Pontificum” was long rumoured in the final years of St John Paul’s reign. It made tremendous sense that Pope Benedict XVI would be the next Bishop of Rome, to continue St John Paul II’s turn to liturgical matters.

    And now what?

    Sancte Ioannes Paule Magne, audi nos, exaudi nos! Ora pro Ecclesia! Intercede pro nobis!

  11. Gab says:

    ArthurH, I don’t have an answer other than to pray and do penance for the Pope.

  12. robtbrown says:

    This is one of the few times in my life that I have not been happy to be proven right.

    I was in Rome 86-87 and 89-97. When I first arrived, I thought JPII intended to reform the Church. Around 1994 it became obvious that his efforts at reform amounted to little else than clarifying sexual morals, despite pleas from certain Cardinals to reestablish good seminary formation and liturgical practice.

  13. Pius Admirabilis says:

    Cardinal Brandmüller’s new name is “Adversary of Bernhard Häring”? Interesting choice, I must admit…

  14. robtbrown says:

    Sorry–wrong button.

    Friends and I agreed that the Church of JPII, Catholic moral doctrine taped to a Novus Ordo Church, could not last. It would have to go one way or the other. There are few men in Western Europe and N America who can sustain a lifetime in the priesthood by constant reference to sexual morals. When JPII was loving, there were many priests who depended on his considerable Papal determination.

    So now Francis has returned Novus Ordo moral
    “teaching” to the Novus Ordo Church.

  15. DonL says:

    “… if the liberals / innovators / novely-purveyors can do this and get away with it, why couldn’t Paul VI, JPII, and Benedict? Hint: they could have, they just didn’t think that using authority in an authoritative way on the unorthodox was nice. How’s that working out for us?…”
    I still see a Jesus who sent one Judas Iscariot forth to preach and heal. I see a Jesus who took a persecuting Saul and turned him into a centuries long force for the conversion of gentiles. I see a Jesus who tells us with authority that he will turn evil into a greater good. We are in a spiritual battle and God is the commanding officer. Prayer, patience and truth are needed. Maybe it is our time to carry the cross. Then again, maybe it is time to tell Rome….enough!

  16. You might try HERE, which I wrote about a year ago.

  17. Pius Admirabilis says:

    @robtbrown: You are spot on. Although I do not think that there are two different Churches, I do agree with you that the “JP2 Catholics” and “Ratzingerians” are on the brink of extinction. And I personally am grateful for that. Because this is the symptom of what we call “Neo-Conservatism” or just plain “Conservatism”, which is just Liberalism with extra steps. It really means cognitive dissonance. John Paul II did a lot of good for the Church, and without him, the Roman Rite might have gone extinct completely (he issued the first indults). But he also did a lot of damage to the Church, which is benignly overlooked by his followers. Just as Benedict XVI was a great Pope, who was still a child of the Nouvelle Théologie, and even in his old age, he rejects Thomism. Dominus Jesus was a desaster.
    There are two options for the Conservative: Go full Liberal, or go full Traditionalist. This inbetween is dishonest. And it seems, at least in my experience, that more and more are drawing the same conclusion, and embrace either Liberalism (especially in advocating “gay rights”) or by turning toward the traditional faith in leaving their Novus Ordo parishes, and going to (e. g.) FSSP churches.

  18. Hidden One says:

    St. Philip, where are you? Rome needs you again!

  19. robtbrown says:

    Pius admirabilis,

    In what way is Dominus Jesus a disaster?

  20. Kathleen10 says:

    Eventually, the religion of Francischurch is going to reach into every sphere of the Catholic world, and those who have held their nose or closed their eyes will have to choose.

  21. cajunpower says:

    Cardinals, bishops, priests and lay faithful should be packing St. Peter’s Square, rending their garments and beating their chests over what is happening to the Church. The enemy does not push when he meets resistance, he just finds another aspect of the Church to corrupt. But every bit of corruption makes that previous resistance less and less resolute. That is what is happening. Only a massive show of resistance (preferably before the Amazon Synod), with all filial love and respect due to the offices of those being resisted against, will preserve our generation. Other than the “blogosphere,” which is ignored by most people, very few are speaking up.

  22. JonathanTX says:

    CCC 675-677 in action, folks!

    It’s interesting that CCC 676 is mysteriously in a smaller font; almost like they want you to miss it. Also notice that they can’t come right out and call out Communism by name. Only if you follow the citations do you get any real idea what they are referring to: CCC 676 –> Footnote 578 –> Divini Redemptoris; conveniently omitting the paragraph number (it’s 8).

    But honestly, this fills me with hope. Because no matter how hard they try to fell the large tree of the Kingdom of God, the mustard seed remains ready to sprout anew.

    If you are discouraged, and many people are right now, then Spoiler Alert: in the end, WE WIN!

    Pray, fast, GO TO CONFESSION, and just try to take as many souls with you to heaven as you can!

  23. TonyO says:

    I still see a Jesus who sent one Judas Iscariot forth to preach and heal. I see a Jesus who took a persecuting Saul and turned him into a centuries long force for the conversion of gentiles. I see a Jesus who tells us with authority that he will turn evil into a greater good. We are in a spiritual battle and God is the commanding officer. Prayer, patience and truth are needed. Maybe it is our time to carry the cross. Then again, maybe it is time to tell Rome….enough!

    DonL, I agree with you that Jesus tolerated sinners in His Church, and even in the priestly ministry. Even Peter, the first Pope, abandoned Him.

    But this does not detract at all from what I pointed to, which was that previous recent popes had the very same powers and authority to roust out people from teaching positions who were abusing those offices, as does the current pope. The current pope uses his power instead to eliminate good teachers, without significant opposition, (much less effective opposition), so they could have also.

    I am not even arguing that those popes should have cast those bad teachers out of the Church (although that is certainly an available option), I am merely saying they could have been removed from TEACHING. Christ tolerated Judas going around preaching the Good News, but there is no evidence that Christ tolerated Judas preaching heresy. Christ tolerated a bumbling and impulsive Peter, but there is no evidence that Christ did not correct Peter when he bumbled. Quite the contrary, He said to Peter: “Get thee behind me, satan”.

    Fr. Z a year ago pointed out that “Whatsoever new and unheard-of doctrine you shall find to have been furtively introduced” is “permitted as a trial”. This is true, and I do not suggest we won’t have our share of trials, and while we have it within our power to reduce SOME trials, nobody can eliminate them all.

    Nevertheless, some [emphasis: SOME] of us have an actual duty to address ourselves to reducing some trials to others: teachers have an actual duty to oppose error within their purview. Bishops have a duty to address heresy being publicly proclaimed in their diocese by heretics under their authority. Bishops have a positive duty to require theology teachers in their diocese abide by the “mandatum”, and this implies that they have a duty to CHECK UP on such teachers and not give a mandatum to those who publicly teach heresy. Christ did say ““Things that cause people to stumble are bound to come, but woe to anyone through whom they come.” This applies, of course, first of all to heretics who publicly teach heresy. But it also applies, derivatively, to bishops who have a positive duty to suppress the publicly spread heresy of a theology teacher under his authority, who fails to act to stop that heretical preaching.

  24. HeatherPA says:

    This is in line with the grand push toward euthanasia and making it nationally legal in the Unites States.

    They have to get rid of these institutions that stand firmly for life, period.

    The right people are in charge to make the changes necessary for this to march ahead.

    It is an insidious, dangerous, and outrageous scheme that was put into motion decades ago, and is now flowering in this age of relativistic moralism.

    The St. John Paul II Institute was in the way of this plan.

    Christ foresaw all we see today. He warned us. It’s difficult to watch this happen in real time.

    Now is the time to cling to the ship for dear life, keeping the Truth firmly foremost in our hearts and minds as we see these charlatans tear themselves to shreds. Pray your rosaries for all priests, that they have strength to stand for their Master and the laity to remember the battle has been fought and won on the Cross. We need to stay in His Grace until the end, living the truth we know is right.

  25. Pingback: More on the systematic attack on John Paul II’s Magisterium. Wherein Fr. Z rants. | Fr. Z's Blog

  26. Semper Gumby says:

    The Long March through the institutions continues.

    In the 1930s Mit Brennender Sorge was smuggled into Germany, and on several occasions airdropped by the British and French Air Force. Given the current “sulphurous” atmosphere in Rome and with the Amazon synod looming on the horizon, perhaps copies of, or better yet, graphic images from Dante’s Inferno will penetrate thick skulls. The challenge here is getting those people interested in the Gospel and the Magesterium for salvific purposes rather than for Leftist and pagan agitation.

    Meanwhile, Weigel had something interesting to say about Apollo 11.

    “Yet in less than eight years, NASA and its academic and industry associates resolved every one of these questions—and solved some 10,000 more conceptual and technical problems. It was an extraordinary exercise in creativity and cooperation involving some 400,000 people. How did it happen? Answering that question, as Mr. Fishman does with panache, tells us a lot about what genuine national greatness involves: commitment to a grand goal; a willingness to think outside the conventions; the courage to face failure, examine its causes without prejudice, and change what needs changing to get things right; self-sacrifice to the common good; solidarity, expressed as esprit de corps; and no cutting the corners of excellence for the sake of identity politics, political correctness, or partisan advantage.

    “The tendency to remember Project Apollo as mere technological wizardry, albeit of a very high order, should be resisted. There were great virtues involved in this remarkable adventure, and without those virtues there wouldn’t be six American flags planted on the Moon by a dozen American citizens. Whether those virtues exist in sufficient measure today is an important question to ponder on this golden anniversary.”

    https://www.firstthings.com/web-exclusives/2019/07/lessons-in-virtue-from-apollo-11