WDTPRS: Corpus Christi – Post Communion (2002MR 1962MR)

The Solemnity of the Body and Blood of the Lord, or Corpus Christi, Corpus Domini in some places, actually falls on the Thursday after Trinity Sunday.  

In the 1975 Missale Romanum, after the texts for the Mass, there is a note that the observance of the feast of Corpus Christi can be transferred to Sunday.   In the newest edition, the 2002MR, we read not about the transferal of the feast, but rather:

Expedit ut processio fiat post Missam, in qua hostia in processione deferenda consecretur. Nihil tamen impedit quominus processio peragatur etiam post publicam et protractam adorationem quae Missam sequatur… It is advantageous that a procession be held after the Mass, in which the Host to be borne in procession is consecrated.   However, nothing prevents the procession from being held after the public and extended adoration which follows Mass….

In other words… really, folks, you should have a procession!

The Solemnity of the Most Holy Body and Blood of the Lord celebrates the institution of the Eucharist in a more focused way than it is even on Holy Thursday, in the context of the Triduum. 

It was established by Pope Urban IV in 1264 and its Mass and Office composed by St. Thomas Aquinas.   The feast itself was inspired by a great miracle.  In 1263 a German priest, Peter of Prague, making a pilgrimage to Rome stopped at Bolsena. He was having serious doubts about the Real Presence of Christ in the Host.  While celebrating Holy Mass in Bolsena at the tomb of the virgin martyr St. Christina, at the consecration blood began to drip from the Host.  The Host bled over his hands onto the altar and the corporal (the linen cloth spread under the Host and chalice during Mass). Fr. Peter stopped the Mass and asked to be taken to the neighboring city of Orvieto, where Pope Urban was in residence with his court (also there were St. Bonventure and St. Thomas).  The Pope listened to the priest’s account then began a complete investigation.  Afterward, Urban ordered the bishop of the diocese to bring to Orvieto both the Host and the linen corporal stained with the blood. The Pope made a great procession with the entire papal court out of Orvieto to meet the other procession approaching with the Host and corporal.  He brought the relics to Orvieto, where the great new cathedral church or “Duomo” was raised for their display, the cornerstone laid in 1290.  They are still visible in Orvieto today.  The gold reliquary is one of the wonders of medieval craftsmanship and religious aspirations.  Pope Urban prompted the drafting of an Office and Mass for the new feast which he instituted in August 1264.    Anyone going to Rome would do very well to travel north also to Orvieto, which is not far at all, to see the magnificent cathedral with its bas reliefs by Lorenzo Maitani (1255-1330) and also a chapel decorated with frescoes by Luca Signorelli (1441-1523) and Fra Giovanni da Fiesole – “Beato Angelico” (1387-1455) whose tomb is at S. Maria sopra Minerva in Roma and who was beatified by Pope John Paul II in 1984.  Bolsena is also not far, with the church and tomb of St. Christina where there is also a fine small catacomb you can visit.

We saw the Collect and Super Oblata in other entries.

Let’s now see the …

POST COMMUNION…

LAME-DUCK ICEL VERSION:
Lord Jesus Christ,
you give us your body and blood in the eucharist
as a sign that even now we share your life.
May we come to possess it completely in the kingdom
.

This is what you hear in most parish churches on this feast.  But is this what the prayer really says? 

Let us take a look now at the Latin version which was and is the Postcommunio for Corpus Christi in the 1962MR.  

LATIN: (2002MR):
Fac nos, quaesumus, Domine,
divinitatis tuae sempiterna fruitione repleri,
quam pretiosi Corporis et Sanguinis tui
temporalis perceptio praefigurat
.

I suspect that there is more to this Latin prayer that the lame-duck ICEL version suggests.  Sliding the hefty Lewis & Short Dictionary a little closer we can examine some of the vocabulary and pry its treasures loose.  

The first word we should dig into is fruitio which means, “enjoyment”.  It is derived from the deponent verb fruor, famous to Latin students as one of the several deponent verbs (utor, abutor, fruor, fungor, potior, vescor) whose “object” is usually in the ablative case, rather than the accusative or (in the case of 65 verbs) the dative.   Fruor (infinitive frui) is “to derive enjoyment from a thing, to enjoy, delight in (with a more restricted significance than (utor) uti, to make use of a thing, to use it)”. 

One might remember the use of “use” in the Early Modern English of Shakespeare such as when Brutus says to the peevish Cassius in the tent before the battle, “By the gods / You shall digest the venom of your spleen, / Though it do split you; for, from this day forth, / I’ll use you for my mirth, yea, for my laughter, / When you are waspish. (Julius Caesar IV.iii.51-55)” or when the Bawd says to Marina in Pericles Prince of Tyre, “Pray you, without any more virginal fencing, will / you use him kindly? He will line your apron with gold” (IV.vi.51-2).  

Note that the L&S definition I cite above makes a distinction between utor and fruor.   Both mean “use” but fruor has the added note of enjoyment.  

St. Augustine of Hippo in Book I of his magisterial De doctrina christiana makes some distinctions about uti and frui.  Before he became Pope, our Holy Father John Paul II wrote a book in 1960 entitled (in its English translation of 1981) Love and Responsibility (originally Miłośći odpowiedzialność) which grew out of his lectures during 1958-59 at the Catholic University of Lublin.   He explores the difference between uti and frui in the context of human sexuality. 

Taking a cue from St. Augustine, Karol Wojtyła explained that, since human beings are images of God, they are consequently the dignified subjects of actions.  They must not be objectified and turned into the objects of uti – of “use” – for “utilitarian” purposes.   That sort of “use” must never be applied to a human being in any sphere of human activity, whether sexual, economic, or other.  As a contrast, the other way of “use” which is more aligned with frui use, includes the element of “enjoyment”, by which is meant far more than mere sensory pleasures. 

Proper “enjoyment” includes an appreciation of what things (or people) truly are. 

This sort of enjoyment-use is found in interpersonal relationships only when there is genuine love, in the sense of charity.  Thus, all utilitarian-use (uti) of another person is wrong while enjoyment-use (frui) is proper when subordinated to authentic love.  Simply put, people cannot be used as a means to an end without any respect for the fact that they, too, are “acting agents”, the acting subjects of their own actions.  All “use” of others must be subordinated to the good of the persons involved.  

We also have the word perceptio, (from the verb percipio) which basically signifies a “a taking, receiving; a gathering in, collecting.”  It is also, by extension, “perception, comprehension”.   St. Ambrose in his Commentary on Luke 4, 15 uses this noun with “frugum fructuumque reliquorum… a gathering of the produce of the earth and of the remaining fruits”.  Both frux (which gives us the genitive plural frugum) and fructus (whence comes fructuum) are both related/derived from fruor, frui, fructus.  

At the time of his own Holy Communion in the 1962MR the priest said silently (and may say with the 1970MR in a truncated version):


"Perceptio Corporis tui, Domine Iesu Christe, quod ego indignus sumere praesumo, non mihi proveniat in iudicium et condemnationem: sed pro tua pietate prosit mihi ad tutamentum mentis et corporis, et ad medelam percipiendam…Let not the partaking of Your Body, O Lord Jesus Christ, which I, unworthy, presume to receive turn out to be unto my judgment and condemnation: but by Your goodness, may it become a protection of soul and body and remedy to be received.…”

LITERAL VERSION:
Cause us, we beseech you, O Lord,
to be filled with the eternal enjoyment of your divinity,
which the worldly reception of Your precious Body and Blood prefigures
.

Reception (perceptio) of the Host at Mass is the climatic moment in a sacred action which, glorious as it is, constitutes but a foreshadowing of our participation in the heavenly liturgical banquet before the throne of God.  We receive Communion in this life (temporalis perceptio) as a token or promise of future glory (praefigurat).  We want this gift of God to transform us in such a way that we will never loose this perceptio.  We all have our own role to play in this transformation. 

The words fruitio and perceptio both have a subtle agricultural overtone.  We gather grain for bread that will be made into hosts for Mass, grapes for wine.  Spiritually we reap what we sow as well.  We must cultivate our relationship with God in the Eucharist, carefully and loving, with even greater attention than we might give to cultivating earthly relationships.  Indeed our earthly relationships, for devout Catholic Christians, must reflect the bond of love and unity with have with Christ.

In our prayer we have the phrase divinitatis tuae sempiterna fruitione which speaks of the eternal “use-enjoyment” of God’s divinity.  This sort of use implies an interpersonal relationship built on charity. 

God loves us in His own divine way of loving His creatures.  We, on the other hand, are often at fault in how we treat God and His gifts to us, even His sacrificial self-gift in the Eucharist. 

We must avoid simply “using” the Eucharist by, for example, knowingly and purposefully receiving Holy Communion when not in the state of grace.  We cannot, for another example, present ourselves to the priest and knowingly, willingly, omit confessing mortal sins and then expect to be forgiven.  We must never presume on God’s love and mercy when faced with a temptation by saying something like, “I’ll just do it.  I can always go to confession later.”  These are ways of “using” God in a utilitarian way rather than giving Him the respect, love and worship which is His due.  And we reap what we sow.

In the prayers we say before the Blessed Sacrament during Exposition we sing with the priest the verse and response, “Panem de caelo praestitisti eis… Omne delectamentum in se habentem… You have given to them bread from heaven… Having within itself every delight.” 

Truly the sacrament of the Body and Blood of the Lord contains every delight, for of all the sacraments this sacrament of the Eucharist actually is what it signifies: Jesus Christ truly with us, Body, Blood, Soul, Divinity even in the smallest fragment or tiny precious drop.  

Our consideration of who gives and who is being given in this sacred gift must draw forth from us our very best in every aspect of our lives.

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About Fr. John Zuhlsdorf

Fr. Z is the guy who runs this blog. o{]:¬)
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19 Responses to WDTPRS: Corpus Christi – Post Communion (2002MR 1962MR)

  1. Father Z., if I may be so bold.
    This is the authentic understanding of the “Theology of the Body”.
    The Eucharistic Mystery unfolds and defines the authentic understanding of “Person to person”…which is mirrored, in another form, under very circumspect boundaries, in married love.
    Married love is a “glimpse” of the union we will all have in heaven; the Eucharist is “par excellence” the union we begin here on earth, with Christ and one another, that will know complete fulfillment in the next.
    Thanks!

  2. Geoffrey says:

    “This is the authentic understanding of the ‘Theology of the Body’.”

    Very interesting!

  3. skellmeyer says:

    Yes, you really SHOULD have a Eucharistic procession.

    The plenary indulgence associated with Corpus Christi is associated with the Eucharistic procession, NOT the Mass of the day.

    That’s why Bridegroom Press puts out a calendar, e-mail alerts and other useful indulgence information. Some of the indulgences are attached to special events on a particular day. The easiest way to stay abreast of this information is to have someone track it for you, alert you to when it is coming and tell you what you need to do to honor the day as the Church intends.

  4. Mike says:

    Thanks for the commentary, Fr. Z!

    As I told my 51 high school freshmen this year in Religion Class: Our goal is eternal friendship with God; the means to that goal is…ta da!…God himself, in the Eucharist.

    Blessed be God.

  5. ssoldie says:

    We had a very beautiful Eucharistic procession after 10:00 Mass to the cemetery, in Flensburg this morning. The weather was sunny and the rains held off for almost an hr after the procession was over and every one was home. God is great.

  6. kiwitrad says:

    A Procession!!! Don’t make me laugh. At our Cathedral the feast day (Sunday) is called “The Body and Blood of Christ” and the homily pointed out it means our neighbour and those less fortunate than us…so lets be nice to them. (Deep Sigh)

  7. Jack Hughes says:

    NZ Priest

    Wow you got it exactly, reminded me of this quote by St Julian Peter Eymard (which I’ve got on my facebok page) ” Mary adored Jesus as the Bridegroom of souls. Union is the final purpose of love. Jesus by the gift of His substance in the Eucharist unites Himself with our souls as with His dear spouses. As a Bridegroom, He gives them all His possessions, His name, His heart, His whole Self, but on the condition that the soul reciprocates. The soul, His spouse, shall live for Him only,” – now it may just be my thick brain but isn’t this why the Priesthood/religious life is superior to the married state?

  8. MattW says:

    We had a short Eucharistic procession yesterday in Akron, Ohio (St. Sebastian). Lots more people took part than had been anticipated. Afterward, we had doughnuts in the parish hall, and they ran out twice! We don’t ever run out once on a normal Sunday.

  9. Traductora says:

    I´m in Madrid right now, and boy, did we have a procession yesterday. Mass celebrated by Cardinal Rouco in front of the Palacio Real, with thousands of members of lay organizations (cofradías), priests and religious, and just ordinary people like me.

    The Blessed Sacrament was in a huge silver monstrance on an elaborately decorated platform (which was probably once carried or drawn by people but now seemed to have its own form of locomotion and was merely guided). We set off with the laypeople following the military band and went from the plaza up to the Puerta del Sol, had a Benediction there, and then went back down to the plaza in front of La Almudena, the Cathedral, where we had Benediction around 10:00 pm. The whole thing took about 4 hours.

    Oh – and did I mention the elaborate floral carpets on the streets, scattered with spearmint leaves so they were fragrant when stepped on?

    That said, the only downside was the music, which is as horrible in Spain as it is in the US. That´s all people here know, too, so the only things they seemed to be able to sing – with all the good will in the world – were things like a Spanish version of Nearer My God to Thee and Pescadores de Hombres. Sigh.

  10. MAJ Tony says:

    We had a procession at Holy Rosary in the early afternoon, 1:30, complete with religious sisters and a KofC honor guard. There were three separate altars set up a short distance from the Church, and the prayers were done in Latin, and the choir sang the Pange Lingua, etc. I’ll be on the lookout for web updates regarding pics for all.

  11. MAJ Tony says:

    Forgot the Knights and Ladies of the Holy Sepulchre.

  12. AnAmericanMother says:

    Query:

    How can one have a procession when there’s nowhere to process to?

    This is a suburban church – the surrounding area is homes on large (2 acre) lots, set back from the street, no nearby shopping center or other focus. No sidewalks, either, and the roads are narrow and the margins overgrown.

    One turn around the parking lot?

  13. skellmeyer says:

    That’s what we did – one turn around the parking lot, with an outdoor altar and outdoor Eucharistic benediction.

  14. irishgirl says:

    Tracutora-that procession in Madrid sounds wonderful, in spite of the horrid music! I can picture the settings, because I visited all the places you mentioned back in 1996.

  15. irishgirl says:

    Oops-I meant, ‘Traductora’-sorry.

    Should check my spelling before hitting ‘submit’…oh, well, it’s Monday morning…sigh…

  16. nzcatholic says:

    kiwitrad
    Was that at the Wellington Cathedral? I was there and felt the same

  17. Emmanuel Parish in downtown Dayton has had a wonderful Eucharistic procession for at least ten or fifteen years. (I only heard about it fairly recently.) They process up and down a one-block, single lane street between Emmanuel and Chaminade-Julienne High School, which is closed off for the occasion. It takes about twenty minutes, because there are several stops for prayer and a lot of people involved and a lot of singing. And a canopy, and flower petal flinging, and periodic yells of Sanctus Sanctus Sanctus, and kneeling in the street as the long procession is passed by the Eucharist.

    All the beautiful street decorations make a one-block street into something worthy of the king. They use colored wood shavings, similar to what you put in a rodent cage. I never understood the point of this until this year, when there was a big rainstorm a couple hours before Mass. The shavings were too heavy to be blown away, kept their shape and color when drenched, and drained and dried out enough in a couple of hours for the priest not to be slopping through woodpuddles.

    So yeah, it doesn’t have to be a big area to be worthy of pageantry. Though of course it’s cool to walk the neighborhood streets, as well. (And you can have parishioners put up altars, then.)

  18. kiwitrad says:

    nzcatholic:

    No it was at the Cathedral Palmerston North. Same everywhere in NZ I think. I’m praying…

  19. nzcatholic says:

    ah kiwitrad, at Protestant Petes Cathedral lol