From a transitional deacon:
Is it lawful for a deacon to communicate more than twice on a Sunday, or any other day, for that matter?
I am currently a transitional deacon, and I am unsure if deacons can receive more than twice on a Sunday (given the canon that allows for a person to receive no more than twice per day). I know that a priest must receive the Eucharist at each Mass he celebrates or concelebrates, but I do not believe it is necessary for a deacon to do so, but I also wouldn’t want to cause scandal to the people if I do not receive when I am assisting at Mass. Any help that you can provide me would be greatly appreciated.
You identified the proper point after you asked your question.
The celebrating priest – no one else – is the only one who must consume the Eucharist during the Mass. If he says Mass, for one reason or another, more than twice in a day, he still may receive Communion more then twice be he must receive more than twice.
A deacon is not a celebrating priest. The CIC 1983 can. 917 applies to deacons as to every other member of the Latin Church.
Deacons are not obliged to receive Communion at any Mass, by the way, any more than any other member of the faithful is obliged to receive. If the deacon is not in the state of grace then he had better not receive. Consider: 1 Cor 11:29. In the Extraordinary Form it is often assumed that the man who has the deacon and subdeacon role do not receive, or at least it is no surprise when they don’t. Often the deacon or subdeacon is a priest who has already said Mass, or the deacon and subdeacon have already been to Mass and received earlier. Under the 1983 Code they could receive again, iterum, of course, as its pleases them to receive.
The point is: if you are not the priest, don’t assume that you are obliged to receive just because you are at Mass. And that goes for everyone in the pews, too.
NB: If during the deacon’s third Mass on a Sunday he falls down in a heap from a severe case of the marthambles and is in danger of death, he may in that instance receive the Eucharist as Viaticum as part of Last Rites.