From a reader…
Is it licit to celebrate Traditional Latin Masses in an anticipatory manner (i.e., an evening Mass but using the following day’s propers)?
I’m asking because a recent Rorate article implies the contrary yet I know priests who commonly say Sunday TLMs the evening before, probably because of their duties as diocesan priests they have to attend to on the actual Sunday (or Holy Day).
Ehem.. the “actual Sunday” is just as “actual” in the Extraordinary Form as in the Ordinary. I would say even more “actual”, since they have the long, proven track record. But I digress.
Is it licit to “anticipate” the next day’s Mass on the evening before in the TLM (Extraordinary Form).
From what I understand, that is not to be done.
Back in the day, there were no “anticipated” Masses. No matter what time of day it was, Father would say the Mass of the day. Moreover, evening Masses were not common, particularly in the days of the longer Eucharistic fast, and in years when there was no electric lighting (Holy Church was around before electrification). Pius XII allowed for evening Masses for people who had to work in the morning. So, evening Masses are new-fangled, to say the least.
Celebrating a “anticipated” evening Mass with the next day’s texts is… strange, and not strictly licit.
However, I suppose that, in the spirit of the “mutual enrichment” foreseen by the Legislator in Summorum Pontificum, there could be some sort of accommodation made in with consultation with the Pontifical Commission “Ecclesia Dei”. That said, the rubrics don’t provide for an “anticipated” Mass in the Extraordinary Form.
Mind you, were a Mass of the Saturday to be celebrated on Saturday evening (after, say, 4 PM), that Mass would satisfy one’s Sunday obligation according to can. 1248.1:
The precept of participating in the Mass is satisfied by assistance at a Mass which is celebrated anywhere in a Catholic rite either on the holy day or on the evening of the preceding day.
So, barring consultation and the permission of the PCED, “No!” We cannot, now at least, use the Sunday texts on Saturday evening.