ASK FATHER: Must we do penance, abstain from meat, on Friday in the Octave of Christmas?

This is a question which comes up each year. I’ve had three notes in email today.

Must we do penance tomorrow, Friday within the Octave of Christmas?

The short answer is YES, this year, yes.

According to Canon Law, Catholics are bound to do penance on Fridays of the year except when the Friday is of the liturgical rank of a “Solemnity” (a new-fangled post-Conciliar rank).

In some years, the Friday will be 1 January, as it was last year.  That’s another matter, because 1 January is the Solemnity of Mary, Mother of God in the new-fangled calendar, and the Solemnity removes the obligation.

THIS YEAR, however, Friday is the Seventh Day in the Octave.  The Octave of Christmas does not have the same liturgical “weight” of the Octave of Easter.  Easter Friday (a Solemnity) outweighs the penance thing, but Christmas Friday does not.

Note can. 1251 in the 1983 Code.

Can. 1251 Abstinence from meat, or from some other food as determined by the Episcopal Conference, is to be observed on all Fridays, unless a solemnity should fall on a Friday. Abstinence and fasting are to be observed on Ash Wednesday and Good Friday.

Remember, you can ask your parish priest to dispense you or commute acts of penance.

Can. 1245 Without prejudice to the right of diocesan bishops mentioned in can. 87, for a just cause and according to the prescripts of the diocesan bishop, a pastor [parish priest] can grant in individual cases a dispensation from the obligation of observing a feast day or a day of penance or can grant a commutation of the obligation into other pious works. A superior of a religious institute or society of apostolic life, if they are clerical and of pontifical right, can also do this in regard to his own subjects and others living in the house day and night.

Members of religious communities and third orders should consult their own regulations and review to whom they turn for dispensations.

Also, you can substitute another form of penance for abstaining from meat.  Make it penitential, however.  Abstinence from meat has good reasoning behind it.  For some, however, there abstinence from other things can be of greater spiritual effect.

Also, it may be that some local places have exceptions in their calendars.   For example, if, this year, you are a parishioner of a parish named in honor of St. Sylvester (Feast 31 Dec.) your patronal feast could be a reason not to be bound by Friday penance.


About Fr. John Zuhlsdorf

Fr. Z is the guy who runs this blog. o{]:¬)
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  2. G1j says:

    My brain has now swelled like the Grinch’s heart. Good that I read this. I did not realize that the Christmas Octave did not carry the same weight as the Octave of Easter. Great information as always. Merry Christmas.

  3. APX says:

    I was just thinking about making my homemade honey garlic lime chicken wings in my new air fryer for New Years Eve when I remembered it fell on a Friday. >:<

    I know I can substitute something else, but that’s frowned upon in our Latin Mass community.

  4. allenmurphy says:

    For Eastern Catholics there is no fast nor abstinence this Friday during the Octave

  5. WVC says:

    The confusing part is that Tan must have had a typo on their calendar and didn’t print the fish that indicates traditional penance on that Friday. I knew the bit about the Octave of Christmas being < the Octave of Easter, but Tan usually has their stuff together so them leaving the fish off that Friday confused me.

  6. Adelle Cecilia says:

    It seems odd that all of the USA is dispensed from Friday abstinence after Thanksgiving, and yet not Friday after Christmas. The priorities seem a little off.

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