From a reader:
I’m sure you’ve covered this before, but if during the actual words of consecration the priest just holds the ciborium and then after the words, during the elevation picks a host out and holds it above the ciborium, is that licit?
It would without question be valid. Licit?
First, consider the practice before the Council. Any priest who consecrated in that fashion would have been considered barking mad and would have been disciplined.
The Latin of the 2002 Missale Romanum says “accepit panem” before the consecration of the host. “He takes (the) bread”. There is no mention of bread being in the ciborium. The Latin goes on “eumque parum elevatuim super altare tenens… holding it elevated a little over the paten”. The priest holds “it” over the paten, not “them” over the paten.
My reading is that the priest must be holding the host, not the ciborium. Also, I suppose that priest isn’t holding the ciborium over the paten.
The Latin says that after the consecration the priest “Hostiam consecratam ostendit populo… he shows the consecrated Host to the people”. The priest is not instructed to put the ciborium down and pick up a Host.
My reading is that the priest is to pick up a host before the consecration, not the ciborium with hosts in it. Reasonable?
If there is any question, you could address a question to the local bishop or to the Congregation for Divine Worship.