Benedict XVI to seminarians

The Holy Father’s sermon at Mass with seminarians.

Note especially this:

Approach the priesthood only if you are firmly convinced that God is calling you to be his ministers, and if you are completely determined to exercise it in obedience to the Church’s precepts.

Slightly edited and with my emphases and comments.


Looking at you, I again see proof of how Christ continues to call young disciples and to make them his apostles, thus keeping alive the mission of the Church and the offer of the Gospel to the world. As seminarians you are on the path towards a sacred goal: to continue the mission which Christ received from the Father. Called by him, you have followed his voice and, attracted by his loving gaze, you now advance towards the sacred ministry. Fix your eyes upon him who through his incarnation is the supreme revelation of God to the world and who through his resurrection faithfully fulfills his promise. [Christ, Word incarnate, is the perfect visible image of the invisible God.] Give thanks to him for this sign of favour in which he holds each one of you[And it really is a high favor and great gift.]

The first reading which we heard shows us Christ as the new and eternal priest who made of himself a perfect offering. The response to the psalm may be aptly applied to him since, at his coming into the world, he said to the Father, “Here I am to do your will” (cf. Ps 39:8). He tried to please him in all things: in his words and actions, along the way or welcoming sinners. His life was one of service and his longing was a constant prayer, placing himself in the name of all before the Father as the first-born son of many brothers and sisters. The author of the Letter to the Hebrews states that, by a single offering, he brought to perfection for all time those of us who are called to share his sonship (cf. Heb 10:14).

The Eucharist, whose institution is mentioned in the Gospel just proclaimed (cf. Lk 22:14-20), is the real expression of that unconditional offering of Jesus for all, even for those who betrayed him. [See my discussion of “enemy love” in the post about Augustine’s 1st tractate on 1 John.] It was the offering of his body and blood for the life of mankind and for the forgiveness of sins. His blood, a sign of life, was given to us by God as a covenant, so that we might apply the force of his life wherever death reigns due to our sins, and thus destroy it. Christ’s body broken and his blood outpoured – the surrender of his freedom – became through these Eucharistic signs the new source of mankind’s redeemed freedom. In Christ, we have the promise of definitive redemption and the certain hope of future blessings. Through Christ we know that we are not walking towards the abyss, the silence of nothingness or death, but are rather pilgrims on the way to a promised land, on the way to him who is our end and our beginning.

Dear friends, you are preparing yourselves to become apostles with Christ and like Christ, and to accompany your fellow men and women along their journey as companions and servants.

How should you behave during these years of preparation? First of all, they should be years of interior silence, of unceasing prayer, of constant study and of gradual insertion into the pastoral activity and structures of the Church. A Church which is community and institution, family and mission, the creation of Christ through his Holy Spirit, as well as the result of those of us who shape it through our holiness and our sins. God, who does not hesitate to make of the poor and of sinners his friends and instruments for the redemption of the human race, willed it so. The holiness of the Church is above all the objective holiness of the very person of Christ, of his Gospel and his sacraments, the holiness of that power from on high which enlivens and impels it. We have to be saints so as not to create a contradiction between the sign that we are and the reality that we wish to signify. [Not so easy, but possible.  I think one of the reasons why JP2 beatified and canonized so many was to send the signal that it is possible to be holy in this life in any state of life.  Yes, that raises some questions, but I think that the motive was not bad, especially in the aftermath of the horrors of the 20th century.]

Meditate well upon this mystery of the Church, living the years of your formation in deep joy, humbly, clear-mindedly and with radical fidelity to the Gospel, in an affectionate relation to the time spent and the people among whom you live. [May it be so for seminarians today!  My years were among the most horrible, most painful I have experienced in life.  However, if think that today most seminaries, in the USA at least, are vastly improved.] No one chooses the place or the people to whom he is sent, and every time has its own challenges; but in every age God gives the right grace to face and overcome those challenges with love and realism. That is why, no matter the circumstances in which he finds and however difficult they may be, the priest must grow in all kinds of good works, keeping alive within him the words spoken on his Ordination day, by which he was exhorted to model his life on the mystery of the Lord’s cross.

To be modeled on Christ, dear seminarians, is to be identified ever more closely with him who, for our sake, became servant, priest and victim. To be modeled on him is in fact the task upon which the priest spends his entire life. We already know that it is beyond us and we will not fully succeed but, as St Paul says, we run towards the goal, hoping to reach it (cf. Phil 3:12-14).

That said, Christ the High Priest is also the Good Shepherd who cares for his sheep, even giving his life for them (cf. Jn 10:11). In order to liken yourselves to the Lord in this as well, your heart must mature while in seminary, remaining completely open to the Master. This openness, which is a gift of the Holy Spirit, inspires the decision to live in celibacy for the sake of the kingdom of heaven and, leaving aside the world’s goods, live in austerity of life and sincere obedience, without pretence.

Ask him to let you imitate him in his perfect charity towards all, so that you do not shun the excluded and sinners, but help them convert and return to the right path. Ask him to teach you how to be close to the sick and the poor in simplicity and generosity. Face this challenge without anxiety or mediocrity, but rather as a beautiful way of living our human life in gratuitousness and service, as witnesses of God made man, messengers of the supreme dignity of the human person and therefore its unconditional defenders. Relying on his love, do not be intimidated by surroundings that would exclude God and in which power, wealth and pleasure are frequently the main criteria ruling people’s lives. You may be shunned along with others who propose higher goals or who unmask the false gods before whom many now bow down. That will be the moment when a life deeply rooted in Christ will clearly be seen as something new and it will powerfully attract those who truly search for God, truth and justice.

Under the guidance of your formators, open your hearts to the light of the Lord, to see if this path which demands courage and authenticity is for you. Approach the priesthood only if you are firmly convinced that God is calling you to be his ministers, and if you are completely determined to exercise it in obedience to the Church’s precepts.

With this confidence, learn from him who described himself as meek and humble of heart, leaving behind all earthly desire for his sake so that, rather than pursuing your own good, you build up your brothers and sisters by the way you live, as did the patron saint of the diocesan clergy of Spain, St John of Avila. Moved by his example, look above all to the Virgin Mary, Mother of Priests. She will know how to mould your hearts according to the model of Christ, her divine Son, and she will teach you how to treasure for ever all that he gained on Calvary for the salvation of the world. Amen.

About Fr. John Zuhlsdorf

Fr. Z is the guy who runs this blog. o{]:¬)
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  1. digdigby says:

    ” My years were among the most horrible, most painful I have experienced in life”
    -Father Z

    Would like very much to know from you – is ‘Goodbye, Good Men’ fairly accurate from your own
    experiences and acquaintances? [Very much so. But things are far far far better now.]

  2. My years were among the most horrible, most painful I have experienced in life.

    Dear Father, I am so very sorry that this was the case for you. You’ve written of your seminary struggles before, so it wasn’t news, and yet it is heart-wrenching to read it again. You have all my sympathy.
    My own college years were, for the most part, a protracted agony for similar reasons, when I had left home at eighteen, naively expecting some sort of intellectual paradise.
    Not in this world. [The change in seminaries is like night and day now.]

  3. My years were among the most horrible, most painful I have experienced in life

    I am sorry to hear that Father. Earlier this year I spent a few days at my local seminary and it would appear, at least in the UK, that things are a lot better. I know that my visit made me realise how much seminarians need prayer and how much messages like Benedict XVI’s today mean to them.

  4. catholictigerfan says:

    I love the words of pope benedict, and it really speaks to me as I am starting my First year in Seminary. I will try my best while in seminary to take the things the pope said to heart, and try and live it out.

    Thanks for posting Father, and for the emphasis.

    Also sorry to hear about your bad experince in seminary I’m hoping my experince is a good one.

  5. Mark Pavlak says:

    Thanks for posting this, Father. I’ve “favorited” this page so I can come back to it often. It was very encouraging to read right before seminary starts for me.

  6. vivaldi says:

    It would be great if the Holy Father could also speak specifically to Rectors, they really need a wake up call. My Seminary was so bad I was compelled to leave it and my Diocese in favour of an EF Fraternity and Seminary. Best decision I ever made.

  7. Supertradmum says:

    Our holy Pope is directing not only seminarians, but rectors here. The problem is that in many seminaries since the 1970s, psychology has become the norm for “formators” and not spirituality. Also, some seminaries are still allowing women, mostly nuns, to be formators, which is totally inappropriate. One only has to look down the faculties of some seminaries to discover this. If the young men had excellent spiritual directors, and less psychological analysis, which form part of their “portfolios”, the way would be more in keeping with the Pope’s recommended walk towards holiness and maturity. Also, there has become a “cookie-cutter approach” towards young men, as if all fit one pattern of personality. I am sure the Cure of Ars and others who are now saints would never be accepted at this time. God bless our wonderful, grounded and holy Pope.

  8. @Mark Pavlak
    I hope your time in Seminary brings you everything the Lord has for you. God go with you.

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