Benedict XVI before the Pietà of Etzelsbach

Etzelsbach PietaHere is the text of the homily delivered by Benedict XVI in Etzelsbach, Germany at a pilgrimage church where a wooden statue of the Pietà is honored.

Whereas in his other talks Pope Benedict has been a little more “intellectual”, in this he appeals more to the “affective”, our emotions.


In most representations of the Pietà, the dead Jesus is lying with his head facing left, so that the observer can see the wounded side of the Crucified Lord. Here in Etzelsbach, however, the wounded side is concealed, because the body is facing the other way. It seems to me that a deep meaning lies hidden in this representation, that only becomes apparent through silent contemplation: …

My emphases and comments.

Dear Brothers and Sisters,

Now I am able to fulfil my wish to visit Eichsfeld, and here in Etzelsbach to thank Mary in company with you. “Here in the beloved quiet vale”, as the pilgrims’ hymn says, “under the old lime trees”, Mary gives us security and new strength. During two godless dictatorships, which sought to deprive the people of their ancestral faith, the inhabitants of Eichsfeld were in no doubt that here in this shrine at Etzelsbach an open door and a place of inner peace was to be found. The special friendship with Mary that grew from all this, is what we seek to cultivate further, not least through this evening’s Vespers of the Blessed Virgin Mary.  [At Erfurt, the Holy Father spoke about “brown” and “red” dictatorships.  Godless dictatorship sought to close the doors, and the shrine is an open door.  The Church’s doors are open.]

When Christians of all times and places turn to Mary, they are acting on the spontaneous conviction that Jesus cannot refuse his mother what she asks; and they are relying on the unshakable trust that Mary is also our mother – a mother who has experienced the greatest of all sorrows, who feels all our griefs with us and ponders in a maternal way how to overcome them. How many people down the centuries have made pilgrimages to Mary, in order to find comfort and strength before the image of the Mother of Sorrows, as here at Etzelsbach!

[He works from the bare facts of the statue first…] Let us look upon her likeness: a woman of middle age, her eyelids heavy with much weeping, gazing pensively into the distance, as if meditating in her heart upon everything that had happened. On her knees rests the lifeless body of her son, she holds him gently and lovingly, like a precious gift. We see the marks of the crucifixion on his bare flesh. The left arm of the corpse is pointing straight down. Perhaps this sculpture of the Pietà, like so many others, was originally placed above an altar. The crucified Jesus would then be pointing with his outstretched arm to what was taking place on the altar, where the holy sacrifice that he had accomplished is made present in the Eucharist.

A particular feature of the holy image of Etzelsbach is the position of Our Lord’s body. In most representations of the Pietà, the dead Jesus is lying with his head facing left, so that the observer can see the wounded side of the Crucified Lord. Here in Etzelsbach, however, the wounded side is concealed, because the body is facing the other way. It seems to me that a deep meaning lies hidden in this representation, that only becomes apparent through silent contemplation: [We move from observables to things that cannot be observed.  Similarly, Mary heard the words of an angel and them pondered them in her heart.] in the Etzelsbach image, the hearts of Jesus and his mother are turned to one another; they come close to each other. They exchange their love. [Cor ad cor loquitur?] We know that the heart is also the seat of the most tender affection as well as the most intimate compassion. In Mary’s heart there is room for the love that her divine Son wants to bestow upon the world.  [Christ’s heart was opened in wounding to allow us to enter.]

Marian devotion focuses on contemplation of the relationship between the Mother and her divine Son. The faithful constantly discover new dimensions and qualities which this mystery can help to disclose for us, for example when the image of the Immaculate Heart of Mary is seen as a symbol of her deep and unreserved loving unity with Christ[And Mary in her sorrow is often depicted with one or seven swords piercing her heart.] It is not self-fulfilment that truly enables people to flourish, according to the model that modern life so often proposes to us, which can easily turn into a sophisticated form of selfishness. Rather it is an attitude of self-giving directed towards the heart of Mary and hence also towards the heart of the Redeemer.

“We know that in everything God works for good with those who love him, who are called according to his purpose” (Rom 8:28), as we have just heard in the Scripture reading. With Mary, God has worked for good in everything, and he does not cease, through Mary, to cause good to spread further in the world. Looking down [there the “downward” image again…] from the Cross, from the throne of grace and salvation, Jesus gave us his mother Mary to be our mother. At the moment of his self-offering for mankind, he makes Mary as it were the channel of the rivers of grace that flow from the Cross. At the foot of the Cross, Mary becomes our fellow traveller and protector on life’s journey. “By her motherly love she cares for her son’s sisters and brothers who still journey on earth surrounded by dangers and difficulties, until they are led into their blessed home” (Lumen Gentium, 62). Yes indeed, in life we pass through high-points and low-points, but Mary intercedes for us with her Son and conveys to us the strength of divine love.

Our trust in the powerful intercession of the Mother of God and our gratitude for the help we have repeatedly experienced impel us, as it were, to think beyond the needs of the moment. [Q:] What does Mary actually want to say to us, when she rescues us from our plight? She wants to help us grasp the breadth and depth of our Christian vocation. With a mother’s tenderness, she wants to make us understand that our whole life should be a response to the love of our God, who is so rich in mercy. “Understand,” she seems to say to us, “that God, who is the source of all that is good and who never desires anything other than your true happiness, has the right to demand of you a life that yields unreservedly and joyfully to his will, striving at the same time that others may do likewise.” Where God is, there is a future. Indeed – when we allow God’s love to influence the whole of our lives, then heaven stands open. Then it is possible so to shape the present that it corresponds more and more to the Good News of our Lord Jesus Christ. Then the little things of everyday life acquire meaning, and great problems find solutions. Amen.

Clearly the fruit of many years of reflection from a man who loves our Blessed Mother.

There is a tradition that at the place of the shrine there was a village wiped out by plague.  A farmer found the statue in a field and built a chapel which became a pilgrimage place.

About Fr. John Zuhlsdorf

Fr. Z is the guy who runs this blog. o{]:¬)
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  1. Finarfin says:

    Pope Benedict’s contemplation on the Pieta of Etzelsbach is very beautiful. It shows the great appreciation Pope Benedict has for artwork, and I think he also reveals the holiness in the artist who made the Pieta. I am glad that the Pope has been able to fufill his wish of visiting the great statue, and I am also glad that he disclosed the pious ideas behind the statue.

  2. Brad says:

    Ah, most beloved BVM. The creature who sits at the right hand of her Son, who in turn sits at the right hand of the Father. The creature, in tha tfavored spot, made queen of heaven and earth. The creature who, in that spot, fulfills the Holy Trinity’s desire to lavish love on someone and receive that love back, losslessly. The creature who has fulfilled God’s wish in creating the universe! The creature whom we imitate in the hopes that something great, like that, may be in store for us! Eye has not seen!

  3. chloesmom says:

    Wow … how beautiful and eloquent – brought tears to my eyes. God bless and protect this wonderful Pope we are so blessed with.

  4. Well, darn it, I haven’t been able to find any song about “Im trauten stillen Tal… unter der alten linden”. Sounds very pretty.

  5. UncleBlobb says:

    @God: Dear God, thank you for this man, for our Pope!

  6. irishgirl says:

    Yes, dear Lord, thank You for our Pope! Give him many more years as Your Vicar on earth! And Mary, our dear Mother, please wrap him in your mantle, protect him and comfort him!
    And thank YOU, Father Z, for all your analyses of the Holy Father’s sermons! I’m sure it was a lot of hard work, and we appreciate all you do!

  7. AnAmericanMother says:

    I’m on the lookout too but coming up blank so far.
    Checking Winworth’s Lyra Germanica as our best bet.
    And yes, yes, yes God bless our Pope!

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