WDTPRS Easter Sunday: “Be sprigs!”

We observed the Sacred Triduum: the priesthood was celebrated, the Eucharistic Christ was reposed and the altar stripped, the Passion was sung and the Cross was kissed.  Our liturgical death was complete.  Then in the evening, in some places even at midnight, the Easter Vigil began.  Flowers, instrumental music, white and gold vestments returned after a long drought of ornamentation.  The Exsultet rang out next to the Christ-like Paschal candle, burning brightly in the shadows.  Baptismal water was blessed.  At last we again sang Alleluia.  Catechumens were received or baptized, some also being confirmed.  They received Christ for the first time in the Eucharist.

On Easter day we now hear the Sequence Victimae paschali laudes about Christ the “Victor King” and His duel with Death.  Holy Church and her children are renewed in the promise of the resurrection.  Since Christ has risen, we too may rise.

Here is the Collect for Mass “during the day” which has its roots in the ancient Gelasian Sacramentary:

Deus, qui hodierna die, per Unigenitum tuum, aeternitatis nobis aditum, devicta morte, reserasti, da nobis, quaesumus, ut, qui resurrectionis dominicae sollemnia colimus, per innovationem tui Spiritus in lumine vitae resurgamus.

I like the repeated “re-“ sounds in reserasti… resurrectionis… resurgamus as well as “-er-“ sound: hodierna… per… aeternitatis… reserasti.  Read it aloud. In the second part listen to the assonance on the vowel i, pronounced like the English double e as is “see”.

Latin colo, means “cultivate” as in “to cultivate, take care of a field”, and also “to regard one with care, i.e. to honor, revere, reverence, worship.”  It is used in both agricultural and religious contexts.  Latin cultus, means “worship”.


O God, who today, once death was conquered, unbarred for us the gateway of eternity through Your Only-begotten, grant to us, we beg, that we who are reverently observing the solemn annual rites of the Lord’s resurrection, may through the renewing of Your Spirit rise again in the light of life.


O God, who on this day, through your Only Begotten Son, have conquered death and unlocked for us the path to eternity, grant, we pray, that we who keep the solemnity of the Lord’s Resurrection may, through the renewal brought by your Spirit, rise up in the light of life.

At Easter we Christians renew our profession of faith as one transformed people.  In the waters of baptism, we passed through death to new life.

In ancient times, catechumens had a long period of preparation before their admittance to the sacred mysteries of the Mass.  They were permitted to attend the reading of Scripture and the sermon but they were sent out before the Eucharistic part.  At the Easter Vigil the catechumens stood before the congregation and recited their profession of faith.  The doors were then opened to them.  Anointed, baptized, clad in white linen robes, they were permitted to stand within the sanctuary and to participate in the Eucharist for the first time.

The newly baptized were called infantes, the “new born children” of the Church. With them, St Augustine of Hippo (d 430) used agricultural imagery when comparing the sacred area the basilica’s sanctuary to a threshing floor where grain and chaff are separated.

Augustine taught the white-robed infantes that not only are bread and wine transformed, people are too.  Bread is made from many kernels of wheat, wine is from many grapes.  Grain and grapes are changed by us and wine and bread are changed by God.  In turn, the transformed bread and wine are given back to transform us.  Augustine was especially concerned that they see themselves as a transformed people deeply, intimately connected to the Eucharist: “Estote quod videtis, et accipite quod estis… Be what you see and receive what you are” (s. 272,1).  He compared the new Christians to wheat, grown, harvested, ground, formed, baked through the agency of others, prepared for the Eucharist.  God plants new Christians to be wheat sprigs (spicas) not thorns (spinas). The newly baptized were now new tender shoots in the fields of God, “irrigated by the fountain of Wisdom, drenched with the light of justice.”

Can we recapture something of the joy and zeal of converts in our participation in Holy Mass?

A Church-wide liturgical catechesis could help.  So will Holy Mass celebrated in such a way that we can sink into it, grow from it, rest in it, be nourished by the mysteries our Church sacramentally re-presents in it for us.  Mass is not just play-acting or simple remembering: it is about Life itself.   Everything we do and say during Mass has meaning, sometimes plain, often veiled.

The Octave of Easter extends our opportunity to pray and worship within the mystery of Our Lord’s resurrection.

May you and yours have a blessed and grace-filled Eastertide.

About Fr. John Zuhlsdorf

Fr. Z is the guy who runs this blog. o{]:¬)
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  1. Sword40 says:

    Yes, we completed the Triduum. At our ages it was a bit tough but, hey, gotter dun. It was beautiful.
    Our priest had to completely retrain our 9 altar boys, get the schola and choir lined out. Thanks to our men and women who all pitched in with flowers, and hours and hours of hard work our Triduum was spectacular. St. Joseph Catholic (FSSP) church in Tacoma, WA is back with an almost finished new communion rail. Our organist, Sara did a super job. What more can I say? It was a very moving experience.

  2. Semper Gumby says:

    Thank you Fr. Z, and thanks for the Exsultet post.

    At last: Alleluia!

  3. AVL says:

    Happy Easter, God bless you Fr. Z!

  4. wanda says:

    Thank you, Fr. Z, for all the podcazsts, teachings and your beautiful Exsultet.

    Alleluia! Christ is risen as He said. Alleluia! Blessed Easter tide and to all your flock, as well.

  5. Mike says:

    Can we recapture something of the joy and zeal of converts in our participation in Holy Mass?

    The Baronius hand missal for the Traditional Mass contains, among many other excellent features, a brief catechesis of the Octave reminding the reader that this week is historically dedicated to “neophytes,” those who have just been received into Holy Mother Church. This week’s propers resonate with welcome and promise toward those who forsake the world to embrace Christ, as for example the Introit for Easter Monday: Introduxit vos Dominus in terram fluentem lac et mel, alleluia: et ut lex Domini semper sit in ore vestro, alleluia, alleluia. Likewise this week’s Gospels are imbued with the fullness of the Eucharistic infusion of Christ into our souls.

    At Mass this morning I was struck by the thought that all of us are “neophytes” in our daily conversion and through the sacrament of Penance. Thus these texts of Holy Mass are meant to revivify and energize us all, whether baptized this past weekend or a half century ago.

    Christus resurrexit! A blessed Octave and Eastertide to all.

  6. Clinton R. says:

    Happy Easter, Father. At our parish’s Vigil Mass on Holy Saturday, 3 adults were baptized into the Church. In our parish’s RCIA program, we continue the tradition of dismissing the Catechumens before the liturgy of the Eucharist. It was so beautiful to see how God brought them to this moment from the day they started in RCIA.

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